Expert Details

Expert in All Stationary Fuel Cell Technologies, Applications, and Solutions; 5kW to Multi-Megawatt Capacities

Expert ID: 730628 North Carolina, USA

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For nearly 20 years Expert has been a leader in deploying and operating fuel cell power systems. He is
recognized internationally for his technical knowledge, expertise and pioneering work in developing fuel cell
solutions for industrial, commercial and residential electrical energy applications. He has evaluated countless
project opportunities, resulting in the installation of a fleet of over 165 systems, representing all stationary fuel and cell product technologies. This body of work led to the development of widely adopted methods and practices to safely
deploy and operate various 5kW to 300kW proton exchange membrane, phosphoric acid and molten carbonate
products. These installations occurred at DOD facilities, universities, utility properties, commercial
buildings, food plants, state and local government facilities, and at commercial enterprises having
critical power requirements for various voice and data communications across the US and in the UK, Iceland and
Puerto Rico.
The wide diversity of customer applications continually challenged Expert’s team with numerous
first-ever fuel cell installation designs that tested various electrical, mechanical and thermal recovery methods
and practices. Out of these experiences the team proved safe grid interconnection and facility integration
methods for prime movers, combined cooling, heating and power (CCHP) systems, grid-independent and back
up power systems. Many of these projects also highlighted the advantages of fuel flexibility by proving supply
logistics and safe storage and handling procedures for Hydrogen and LPGas at customer sites. Others proved
safe interconnection methods with pipeline Natural Gas to project sites.
Expert’s projects have been the subject of numerous published reports and oral presentations. Early reports
focused on application designs, installation standards, performance metrics and reliability-growth testing and
recommended system improvements to accelerate commercial rollout and broader market adoption. Recent
presentations highlight the comparative environmental and economic advantages enjoyed by many fuel cell
products over incumbent technologies.
In additional to technical expertise, Expert also possesses particular business acumen with fuel cell solutions.
He is an expert in leveraging tax-advantaged financing and other state and local alternative energy incentive
programs to benefit fuel cell projects.
He did this to show how a contractor could monetize tax credits to improve project margins while providing lower
cost and enhanced services to the government. In 2009 he assisted DOE to develop guidelines that encouraged
procurement officials in the use of tax-advantaged agreements in federal government alternative energy
contracts. In 2011, as Chairman of the Fuel Cell Seminar and Exposition, the leading international fuel cell
industry association, Expert proposed to DOE that it should sponsor a federal Indefinite Delivery Indefinite
Quantity (IDIQ) contract to stimulate growth and expansion of the industry; arguing that large orders are the
purest form of stimulus. DOE is currently preparing to release a first draft of the IDIQ.

Expert has applied his knowledge of fuel cell performance and operating characteristics to develop efficient
and diverse energy applications that demonstrate "total product" versatility and conformity within the built
environment. In the course of developing many projects he has developed application standards and best of
product solutions for each of the three fuel cell technologies including proton exchange membrane fuel cell
(PEM), phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC) and molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) products. Since each has a
particular set of performance characteristics that inform specific energy service applications, his work has
focused on developing methods, practices and solutions that provide the best fuel cell product for a customer's
particular design requirements.
For customers desiring onsite fuel cell CHP or CCHP energy services, he has shown how the optimal fuel cell
solution should provide cost effective, incremental and efficient use of energy capital for current load
requirements as well as indicate the ease of adding capacity to support future growth. With careful planning and
design, such installations may achieve system operating efficiencies in excess of 70%.
Many commercial energy consumers maintain various Information Technology systems that are so vital to their
operations that they must employ backup power systems to assure business sustainability and continuity in the
event of a utility fault or failure. Expert's team has developed and installed fuel cell solutions that uniquely
serve as uninterruptible power generation systems, having far superior performance and availability and are more
robust than incumbent uninterruptible power system (UPS) technologies. In contrast to batteries, these systems
store, in the equivalent footprint, as much as 400% greater reserve energy capacity, in the form of hydrogen,
which a fuel cell transforms to pure power, providing hours or even days of extended run time in
support of various customer mission critical electric loads.

ExpertLogan is an acknowledged expert with power generation projects that utilize hydrogen as a
fuel or, more appropriately stated, as an energy carrier. His Combined Heat and Power (CHP) generation
projects involved hydrogen generation utilizing external steam reforming (external to the cell stack itself) or
internal direct reforming processes using either Natural Gas or LPGas as the source fuel.
At the small scale residential and commercial end of the spectrum, his fuel cell systems utilized catalytic partial
oxidation technology to generate smaller quantities of hydrogen but which process permits faster start cycles.
In other applications, Expert's projects have demonstrated safe handling, resupply and the superior
energy density of stored gaseous hydrogen in contrast to energy storage using valve regulated lead acid
batteries. These projects also proved that hydrogen fuel storage supporting 10 - 25kW back-up fuel cell
installations, which are designed to provide extended run time for mission critical electric loads, are more cost
effective and reliable than diesel engine generators combined with traditional UPS systems.

Many of ExpertLogan's fuel cell deployments have benefited from the extensive infrastructure of pipeline natural gas
across the US and in the UK. He has developed fuel cell projects for gas utilities in TX, CA, MA, LA and the UK
but most often he has worked closely with local distribution companies that provide natural gas for his customer's
These projects demonstrated that reforming pipeline natural gas to hydrogen is the cleanest, most energy efficient
and the most cost effective means of power generation using a fossil fuel. Fuel cell CHP and CCHP (Combined
Cooling Heating and Power) installations have also proved the superior total system efficiency gains available from
natural gas fueled systems that capture waste heat from internal processes and transfer it to customer thermal
loads or utilize it to drive the thermal cycles in adsorption chillers.

Not only have Expert's fuel cell projects demonstrated the benefits of advanced clean, quiet and reliable
energy technology but they have also established their energy conservation credentials as well. Over the years
he has consistently reported fuel cell electrical efficiencies ranging from 38% to 47% for prime movers and 65%
to 75% in CHP and CCHP systems. His customers have also experienced the economic benefits of
displacing electric utility kilowatts (Btu's) with lower cost natural gas Btu's in fuel cell systems that are scaled to
meet specific onsite energy applications.
For most projects, Expert has made good use of various federal, state and local energy policies that
provide both cash and tax incentives to encourage energy consumers to invest in distributed clean energy
technologies. Over 30 states have adopted renewable portfolio standards; many with mandates that are
creating markets to trade renewable energy credits (REC's). In many of these states, fuel cells operating on
natural gas are classified "renewable" and owners of fuel cell power generation are increasing finding many
electric utilities are eager to buy their REC's and generation capacity.

In 2009 Expert contracted with UT Battelle, manager of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, to provide fuel cell consulting services designed to evaluate and support fuel cell projects there.
Part of the consultancy involved writing a scoping document to evaluate both small a PEM fuel cell system and a large megawatt class system in various applications that would be most effective in supporting the lab's mission and utilizing synthetic gases produced on site.

The second part of the consultancy involved developing "bankable" fuel cell project finance models incorporating IRS Section 48 tax credits that potential project lenders could readily support. This work was also undertaken to support the DOE's fuel cell market transformation program.In 2009 Expert led the a team in a consultancy with The Macquarie Group, a global provider of banking, financial, advisory, investment and funds management services. The purpose was to evaluate a certain start-up fuel cell company's readiness and ability to take their new product to market using Macquarie financing services. The scope of work included the following tasks: - analyze and report on the design, engineering and laboratory test results of the product - determine the company's ability to quickly transition from strictly an R&D firm to a more broad based organization with resident capabilities to perform full scale product manufacturing, site engineering, construction and product support - analyze the addressable markets, competitive price points, and the adoption curve the product might reasonably expect to encounter.

Expert may consult nationally and internationally, and is also local to the following cities: Atlanta, Georgia - Athens, Georgia - Macon, Georgia - Roswell, Georgia - Marietta, Georgia - Chattanooga, Tennessee

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Year Degree Subject Institution
Year: 1972 Degree: Naval Aviator Subject: Aerodynamics Institution: Naval Training Command
Year: 1970 Degree: BA Subject: Psychology Institution: University of the South

Work History

Years Employer Title Department Responsibilities
Years: 2012 to Present Employer: Undisclosed Title: Managing Director Department: Responsibilities: Expert founded the company in 2012 and operates it as a scaled down version of his former company, LOGANEnergy Corp. He provides project consulting for large scaled fuel cell initiatives or deployments and project design and development for small-scaled, back-up and residential systems.
Years: 1993 to 2012 Employer: LOGANEnergy Corp Title: CEO Department: Responsibilities: ExpertLogan founded this business in 1993 and formalized it as an independent organization in 1997. Until 2005 he was responsible for all operational and administrative functions of the organization. Beginning in 2005 he turned operations over to a new COO, who took charge of the engineering staff so that he could focus his attention on expanding US business opportunities and developing a European business initiative. His efforts expanded the company's business and revenue growth through the development of new relationships with several emerging fuel cell manufacturers that desired Expert's assistance in developing good applications and pursuing markets for their products. He was also successful in forming and staffing a UK subsidiary in 2005, LOGANEnergy LTD, that adopted the parent's business model and has done so very successfully.
Years: 1982 to 1997 Employer: Algoma Resources & Exploration Title: President Department: Responsibilities: 1982 ExpertLogan founded Algoma Resources, in Houston, TX, to lead his interests in oil and gas exploration and production. He was responsible for developing drilling prospects and raising exploratory funds for the company. In 1993 he expanded Algoma's business plan to include clean energy projects with a specific focus on fuel cell technologies. In 1997 he folded his Algoma oil and gas interest into LOGANEnergy Corp.
Years: 1979 to 1982 Employer: Gautier Oil Co Title: President Department: Responsibilities: Led development and management of waste oil recovery processes, as well as marketing and sale of industrial fuel products.
Years: 1976 to 1979 Employer: Self employed, DBA Annex Group Title: Owner Department: Responsibilities: Independent representative of various oil field products and services in TX, LA, MS and AL.
Years: 1971 to 1981 Employer: USMC Title: Naval Aviator, Captain of Marines Department: Responsibilities: ExpertLogan was a fighter/attack pilot, and served in various collateral duties including aircraft maintenance officer, aviation safety officer, and legal affairs officer in the US and Japan. He was an active duty Marine Officer until June 1976 and then joined a reserve Marine Corps aviation group until he resigned in 1981.

Government Experience

Years Agency Role Description
Years: 2000 to 2011 Agency: US Army Engineering Research Development Center- Construction Engineer Research Center Role: R & D Contractor Description: For over a decade Expert led his team of energy engineers and fuel cell technicians in the deployment of scores of fuel cell power plants at DOD facilities across the US and in the EU. His executive authority included site selection, application design, product selection, project management, installation, after market services and project reporting. These projects deployed PEM, PAFC, MCFC and SOFC fuel cell products with capacities ranging from 5kW to 300kW at US Army, USN, USAF, CA National Guard, NATO and DOS sites involving CHP and emergency back up applications.
Years: 2004 to 2006 Agency: DOE, Sandia National labs Role: R&D Contractor Description: Between 2004 and 2006 Expert led his team of energy engineers and fuel cell technicians in the deployment of 12 fuel cell power plants at federal facilities in CA and Hawaii. These projects demonstrated small scale PEM CHP residential and commercial applications. His executive authority included contract negotiations, application design, project management, installation, after market services and project reporting.
Years: 2006 to 2011 Agency: USN Role: R&D Contractor Description: Between 2006 and 2011, Expert led his team of energy engineers and fuel cell technicians in the deployment of four 300kW CHP MCFC fuel cell power plants at US Naval facilities in CA and HI. These projects demonstrated safe and effective fuel cell CHP integration of utility scaled power plants with base power distribution grids. His executive authority included contract negotiations, application design, project management, installation, after market services and project reporting.

International Experience

Years Country / Region Summary
Years: 2003 to Present Country / Region: UK Summary: In 2003 ExpertLogan contracted with the US DOD to install and operate a fuel cell power plant at a US State Department facility in London, England. In developing the project he formed alliances with Scottish and Southern Energy, the local electric energy service provider and with SEC Group to provide permitting and site construction services. Then in 2005 Expert formed his own company in the UK to pursue additional fuel cell projects there. In 2007 the company received awards for two small installations and one utility scaled project awarded by the City of London. In 2008 the company received another utility scaled fuel cell installation award from Scottish and Southern Energy Company who also acquired a 20% interest in the company. At the same time, the Scottish Enterprise, the Scottish government's technology investment fund, acquired a 16% interest in the company. At this time they had two new utility scaled projects under construction in the UK and recently signed an agreement to develop a megawatt scaled project in Poland.
Years: 2005 to 2007 Country / Region: Iceland Summary: In 2005 ExpertLogan contracted with the US DOD to install and operate a fuel cell power plant at the NATO facility at Keflavik Iceland. After visiting the site and discussing the project with the US Nato commander, it was determined that the system should be installed to support the international passenger terminal collocated on the NATO facility.ExpertLOGAN then engaged the Keflavik airport management and the project proceeded with their support. After the funded portion of the project came to a close ExpertLogan donated the fuel cell system to Reykjavik University, who took over the project.
Years: 2005 to 2010 Country / Region: Puerto Rico Summary: In 2005 Expert negotiated a contract with the US DOD to install a fuel cell power plant at a radar defense site in Puerto Rico. The project also engaged the commander of the Puerto Rico Air National Guard and was supported by the radar facility's technical staff. The project funding expired after 18 months and thereafter the system was donated to the University of Puerto Rico Department of Electrical Engineering.In July 2008 ExpertLogan contracted with the Botanical and Cultural Gardens of Caguas, PR to install and support a fuel cell power system to power their administration building under a two year service contract. In September 2010 Expert turned over the system to the City of Caguas.
Years: 2012 to Present Country / Region: Dominican Republic Summary: ExpertLogan is currently developing a fuel cell installation for University APEC in the City of Santo Domingo. The installation will be used to train electrical engineering students in practical methods of applying new technology.In addition Expert recently had the honor of keynote speaker at the Caribbean Sustainable Energy Conference in the Dominican Republic.

Career Accomplishments

Professional Appointments
After being elected to the Board of the Fuel Cell Seminar and Exposition and serving one year as VP, ExpertLogan was elected Board President, serving in that capacity from
Sept. 2009 - Aug 2012
Publications and Patents Summary
In 2002, ExpertLogan co-authored A Residential Fuel Cell Demonstration Handbook to educate DOD facility engineers and energy managers in the emergence and applications of fuel cell technology. The Handbook covers systems, performance, operations and integration with residential and small scale commercial facilities and safe installation methods and practice.

Additional Experience

Training / Seminars
In 2001 Expert developed and sponsored a 2 day Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Technology Seminar for the US Army Corps of Engineers, Energy Engineering Research Lab to educate and inform US Army on the status and future promise of emerging fuel cell technologies.

In 2002 Expert co-authored and published A Residential Fuel Cell Demonstration Handbook for the US Army Construction Engineering Research Lab to provide a reference guide for installing small-scale fuel cell systems on DOD facilities.
In 2003 Expert sponsored a Remote Monitoring and Communications Seminar for small-scale fuel cell OEM's that led to the adoption of real-time remote monitoring of deployed systems.

In 2008 Expert co-authored and reported on the Demonstration of a Solid Oxide fuel Cell for the US Army Corps of Engineers, Engineering Research Development Center.

In 2008 Expert accepted the invitation to join the Fuel Cell Seminar and Exposition as VP of its governing Board. The Seminar is the leading international fuel cell industry advocacy organization. Then in 2009 he was elected to serve as its President. In this role he assumed the responsibility for proper management and reporting of the Seminar's finances, approving policy statements and public relations events, leading the planning and production of the Seminar's annual conference and leading annual board retreats. This past August Expert retired from an active role with the Seminar after serving for a three-year term as its president.

Expert has gained recognition for his work in fostering stronger links between the fuel cell industry and the knowledge based economy though educational partnerships and promoting the development of fuel cell curricula at technical schools to train the next generation of fuel cell technicians.

Since 2009, Expert has presented, annually, a fuel cell installation design, engineering and applications seminar to senior mechanical engineering students at GA Tech University.
Vendor Selection
In 1994, United Technologies Corp's. (UTC) fuel cell division, ONSI, entered into a marketing agreement with Expert after he completed a fuel cell markets training course at their manufacturing facility in South Windsor, CT. At the time UTC had the only commercial fuel cell product in the world. Then in 1999 he attended ONSI's technical training course and received factory certification as an original fuel cell technician.
In 2001 as PEM fuel cell products began to emerge Expert developed relationships with all of the new companies working in that space. By the end of 2003 only one of the 5 original PEM fuel cell OEM's, Plug Power, remained with a near-term residential CHP product.
Through Expert's efforts LOGANEnergy soon became Plug Power's leading installation services contractor. In the spring of 2005 he approached FuelCell Energy with the request to grant LOGANEnergy a market agreement that would allow it to purchase and install FCE products for its customer accounts. This request was granted in the summer of that same year. In the years that followed Expert established marketing agreements with all of the leading Canadian and US fuel cell manufacturers and though it’s Scottish subsidiary it has established agreements with many European manufacturers as well.
Today there are well over 100 fuel cell manufacturers in the US, Europe and Asia that produce many products ranging from a few watts to multi-megawatt capacities, operating on various liquid or gaseous fuels and all having very specific applications and performance specifications.
Expert has spoken at scores of conferences and has become well acquainted with all of the leading fuel cell manufacturers and good friends with many of their CEO's.
As the past president of the FuelCell Seminar, Expert had the opportunity to consult routinely with many fuel cell suppliers and OEM's on a range of business and technical topics including, new market strategies, commercial rollout of new products, design turns needed to improve reliability, taking cost out and improving supply chain options.
The sum of these experiences together with a long history of purchasing fuel cells from every commercial manufacturer provides him with intimate knowledge of all the various sources of stationary products and, most importantly, their particular suitability for any customer application.

Marketing Experience
In nearly 20 years of growing up with the fuel cell industry Expert has performed at every functional level in the industry. This has provided him with the opportunity to interact with industry personnel from "blue suit" basement mechanics to corner office executives. In order to learn the technology from the "inside out", early in his career, he spent three years working in the field with his technicians, performing troubleshooting, service, maintenance, major system overhauls, and project management. This experience allowed him not only to learn and master fuel cell support services and operations but also how to properly design and integrate a fuel cell with the built environment to maximize its benefits to achieve customer satisfaction. For the longer term, this experience also proved invaluable in the development of his greater business strategy.
Shortly after coming out of the field he developed a fuel cell operator’s course that he found was necessary to educate customer maintenance personnel in the proper care and support of their installations. Then, in 2002 he assisted a TX technical college with the development of a fuel cell curriculum to train future technicians.

Between 2000 and 2004 Expert worked closely with the US Army Fuel Cell Testing and Evaluation Center located at Concurrent Technologies, Johnstown, PA in several applied research programs that were designed to test the reliability and evaluate the performance of new fuel cell products that were nearing commercial rollout. Many of the projects identified system design flaws and performance deficits that helped manufacturers move through design turns, improve manufacturing techniques, improve supply chain component and material specifications and slowly begin to take cost out of finished products. The programs also convinced a number of startup companies to wind down, but assisted others to accelerate their pathways to commercialization.
By 2005 the fuel cell industry had grown from one immature Phosphoric Acid commercial product, circa 1994, to dozens of emergent products incorporating several different electrodes compositions, all intent on challenging incumbent battery and combustion energy technologies across a broad power scale - from microwatts to megawatts.
Early in that same decade, the industry began to experiment with fuel flexibility offering products that could reform or operate a variety of new fuels in addition to natural gas. Manufacturers began to offer various products that could operate on other hydrogen-rich fuels with varying degrees of success. These included bio-methane gas, methanol, metallic hydrides, LPGas, various synthetic gases and ammonia. Today, natural gas remains the hydrogen source for 95% of all fuel cell power production followed by bio-methane gas, pure hydrogen and methanol. Some synthetics and biofuels have strong appeal since they maybe classified as renewable fuels. Hydrogen, methanol and to a lesser extent ammonia are used strictly for small-scale back-up fuel cell applications that extend the run time of UPS systems.
The fuel cell cost learning curve has matured very slowly over the past two decades as compared to the rapid costs declines associated with the computing and communication industries. The technology, itself, has presented many mechanical, material, and system integration challenges that have been difficult to overcome. Building robust and consistent system performance across a wide range of power settings has come at significantly higher costs than anticipated and particularly with high temperature carbonate and solid oxide products, which cell stack life cycles have not yet achieved the commercial standard of 40,000 operating hours at name-plate rating.
Other Relevant Experience
INDUSTRY INSIGHTS CONTINUED...All to often investors looking for the next “hockey stick” investment growth opportunity have bet finite resources on fuel cell “startups”; missing opportunities to concentrate funds on the more likely success of an OEM that may be half a design-turn shy of releasing a real product; but is out of cash. This broad dilution of capital has forced some OEMs into the ill conceived practice of releasing products, with dubious commercial credentials and lofty prices, into limited adopter markets and then spend fortunes on customer service to keep the products functioning. This trend to “bootstrap” products to greater maturity at customer sites has frustrated early markets, raised customer suspicions and constrained industry access high volume mature markets. Today there are real fuel cell products that can deliver real benefits and achieve high customer satisfaction, but they are tainted by those that have failed to do so and that continues to be a problem for the industry.
US fuel cell dominance is slowly giving way to accelerated industry growth in other nations where both higher utility costs and Greenhouse Gas (GHG) abatement policies drive fuel cell markets at a far greater pace than our domestic markets can. Asia is a major growth market for both reasons cited. In Korea, for example, commercial rates charged by the electric power grid top $0.35/kWh. Even with the high cost of imported liquified natural gas (LNG), the spark spread there still provides very compelling economics for multi megawatt projects; one that might be considered only in very few US locations where utility rates are at least twice the national average.
In the EU the spark spread is not as strong as the Korean example, but GHG abatement policies in most member nations force industry and real estate developers to spend vast sums of money on meeting restrictive GHG limitations just to qualify for construction permits. In many circumstances, CHP fuel cell systems offer cost effective solutions to developers who must comply with these regulations. As a result, fuel cell projects there are far less price sensitive than the same project would be in the US. In 2005, as these market drivers were becoming increasingly clear, Expert founded LOGANEnergy, Ltd., and staffed an office in Edinburgh, Scotland to offer fuel cell solutions to the EU in the manner described. Although its mission and business plan was a carbon copy of the US firm, all similarities ended there. EU projects costs twice as much to construct there as they would here, the margins are much healthier and the sales cycles are generally 6 - 8 months instead of 10 – 12 months.
The US is 10 or more years behind much of the world respecting GHG policies, and our energy prices are arguably the lowest among developed nations. While utility scaled multi-megawatt projects may provide an acceptable ROI in the US as described above, they nevertheless require various federal, state and local incentives to do so and today they would be very difficult to finance for all but the healthiest corporate balance sheets.
On the other hand, small-scale systems in the 5kW - 50kW range, which provide extended run time for critical technology and communications loads, following grid fault or failure, are a bright spot for the US industry. These systems are not prime movers, so they are not as price sensitive as other fuel cells that must try to compete against utility prices. They provide security to protect 24/7 critical power requirements for business owners who require more extended run time than provided by UPS packages. If properly aligned with a customer's requirements, these "file cabinet" sized products are the most cost effective and reliable backup power systems available today. Dramatic growth in this industry segment lacks only greater public awareness and steady market development.

Language Skills

Language Proficiency
Spanish Spanish is ExpertLogan's second language. He is able to communicate effectively in Spanish and finds that this facility is magnified with the briefest fresh immersion.

Fields of Expertise

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