Expert Details

Expert in Batteries, Chemistry, Gas Detection, Industrial Hygiene & Safety, Respiratory Protection

Expert ID: 724193 Pennsylvania, USA

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Over 35 years of industrial experience in business development, consulting, contract negotiation and management, formation of partnerships, project planning, proposal preparation and costing, product management and development, protection of intellectual property, operations start-up, sales and marketing, resource allocation, and RD&E. Knowledge of the analytical instrument, battery, government contracting, industrial hygiene and safety, and medical device businesses.

He has experience analyzing, developing, and testing a wide variety of gas detection technologies. This makes him an excellent choice to evaluate air quality and perform air quality assessments.

He developed catalytic combustible, electrochemical, and thermal conductivity gas sensors for the quantitative analysis of carbon monoxide, chlorine, ethylene oxide, formaldehyde, hydrogen, hydrogen chloride, hydrogen cyanide, hydrogen sulfide, methane, nitric oxide, nitrogen dioxide, propane, and styrene. He developed breath-by-breath, percent, parts-per-million, and parts-per-billion oxygen sensors. The catalytic combustible gas sensors he developed were lower in power consumption and several times more resistant to silicone poisoning than competitive offerings.

He led teams that developed commercially successful hand-held gas detection equipment used in the industrial hygiene and mining marketplaces. One of these instruments detects carbon monoxide, combustible gases, hydrogen sulfide, and oxygen.

He is an expert in testing field portable analytical instruments. He qualified the Passport® FiveStar, Passport PID II, Gasport®, and Mini Series® Responder industrial gas detection instruments; the Escort Elf® line of sampling pumps; and the MiniOX® line of medical instruments. He has experience developing applications for photoionization and infrared gas detectors.

He recommended technologies for the detection of anesthetic agents, chemical warfare agents, explosives, illicit drugs, industrial toxins, mercaptans, pesticides, and VOC’s.

He developed several analytical methods, including an FTIR method used to measure parts-per-million water in iodine. He recommended technologies for the detection of anesthetic agents, chemical warfare agents, explosives, illicit drugs, industrial toxins, mercaptans, pesticides, and VOC’s.

While performing his graduate research, he was part of a team that developed computer controlled electrochemical data acquisition equipment.

He was part of a team that developed computer controlled electrochemical data acquisition equipment. He used the equipment to elucidate the oxidation mechanism of carbon monoxide in strong acid solution and to measure the concentration of carbon monoxide and hydrogen sulfide in air and water.

He developed electrochemical gas sensors for the quantitative analysis of carbon monoxide, chlorine, ethylene oxide, formaldehyde, hydrogen, hydrogen chloride, hydrogen cyanide, hydrogen sulfide, nitric oxide, nitrogen dioxide, and styrene in the parts-per-million range. He developed breath-by-breath, percent, parts-per-million, and parts-per-billion oxygen sensors.

The electrochemical sensors he developed were used in commercially successful hand-held and fixed-point gas detection equipment. A 4-gas portable instrument, designed by a team he led, used electrochemical carbon monoxide, hydrogen sulfide, and oxygen sensors. He is an expert in testing portable instruments that contain electrochemical sensors.

He recommended electrochemical technologies for the detection of anesthetic agents, carbon dioxide, mercaptans, and nitrous oxide.

His experience with the development and testing of a wide variety of gas sensors and gas detection equipment makes him an excellent choice to perform environmental air sampling and to interpret the results of air sampling.

While in charge of the applications laboratory for a $100 million per year division of a Fortune 1000 company, he verified the performance of gas sensors, portable gas detectors, fixed-point gas detection systems, and gas sampling pumps.

The catalytic combustible and electrochemical gas sensors he developed were used in commercially successful hand-held and fixed-point gas detection equipment. A 4-gas portable instrument, designed by his team used catalytic combustible and electrochemical carbon monoxide, hydrogen sulfide, and oxygen sensors.

He developed a method to determine the percentage of insoluble matter in potassium superoxide. He improved on the accuracy of a method used to quantify the amount of carbon dioxide that can be absorbed by anhydrous lithium hydroxide.

He developed an electrochemical parts-per-million electrochemical hydrogen gas sensor, useable in an oxygen free environment, under contract to NASA. He developed electrochemical gas sensors for the detection of carbon monoxide, chlorine, ethylene oxide, formaldehyde, hydrogen chloride, hydrogen cyanide, hydrogen sulfide, nitric oxide, nitrogen dioxide, and styrene in the parts-per-million range. He developed electrochemical breath-by-breath, percent, parts-per-million, and parts-per-billion oxygen sensors. He developed catalytic combustible and thermal conductivity sensors for the detection of hydrogen, methane, propane, and other combustible gases.

Many of the sensors he developed were used in commercially successful hand-held and fixed-point gas detection instruments. He is an expert in testing portable instruments that contain gas sensors.

Qualification testing in his laboratory started with visual inspection and verification of size and weight. Confirmation that all standard accessories were included with the qualification prototypes, and that the instruments user interface performed as described in the manual, was performed. Performance of all features, including the display, display functionality, audio alarms, audio alarm set-points, audio alarm loudness, and remote communication ports was checked. Instrument accuracy, dynamic range, linearity, repeatability, and battery run time were measured. Variations in performance caused by changes in altitude, humidity, and temperature were monitored. Susceptibility to radio frequency interference and static charge buildup was tested. Shock, bump, and drop testing was performed. Ability to meet Australian, ATEX, CSA, FDA, MSHA, NIOSH, and UL/NRTL standards was confirmed.

He has experience testing batteries and respiratory protective equipment under a wide-range of conditions.

He developed batteries for implantable, industrial, and military applications. The implantable batteries he developed include dual anode lithium-iodine batteries that provide a 5-fold improvement in power density and lithium-iodine batteries with novel charge transfer complex cathodes that provide up to a 20% more energy density. He invented the lithium-silver oxide battery; a chemistry with twice the energy density and much higher power capability than the lithium-iodine battery.

He was responsible for the development of new chemistries as well as improved sensor packaging.

He completed the design of the SR-50, SR-50A, and SR-100A self-contained self-rescuers (SCSRs). He designed the SR-T, a live training device used to simulate SCSR donning and breathing. He improved the SR-100 SCSR by adding a temperature indicator, strengthening the dust shield, reducing nose clip discomfort, improving oxygen bottle reliability, reducing top plate assembly leakage, and reformulating the breathing hose material.

Qualification testing in his laboratory started with visual inspection and verification of size and weight. Confirmation that all standard accessories were included with the qualification prototypes, and that the instruments’ user interface performed as described in the manual, was performed. Performance of all features, including the display, display functionality, audio alarms, audio alarm set-points, audio alarm loudness, and remote communication ports was checked.

Instrument accuracy, dynamic range, linearity, repeatability, and battery run time were measured. Variations in performance caused by changes in altitude, humidity, and temperature were monitored. Susceptibility to radio frequency interference and static charge buildup was tested. Shock, bump, and drop testing was performed. Ability to meet Australian, ATEX, CSA, FDA, MSHA, NIOSH, and UL/NRTL standards was confirmed.

He has experience testing batteries and respiratory protective equipment under a wide range of conditions. He performed non-destructive and destructive analysis on failed equipment that formed the basis for design and process improvements. Such testing was used to increase the reliability of hand-held and machine-mounted methane detection equipment. He developed customer specific applications for photoionization and infrared gas detectors.

His experience with the development and qualification of a wide variety of gas detection equipment makes him an excellent choice to perform environmental analysis and interpret test results.

He held several management level product development positions including technical director of the CSE Corporation, sensor R&D manager at the MSA Instrument Division, and chemical R&D manager at the MSA Catalyst Research Division. He was responsible for hiring and supervising up to 18 employees.

He held the position of trace gas analysis marketing and applications laboratory manger at the MSA Instrument Division. In this position, he assessed technologies for the detection of anesthetic agents, chemical warfare agents, explosives, illicit drugs, industrial toxins, mercaptans, pesticides, and VOC’s. Based on the information gathered, he performed a market analysis that allowed MSA to enter the chemical warfare agent detection market.

He negotiated contracts that allowed products to be distributed. He prepared pricing, advertising brochures, product launch packages, and news releases He provided support to customers, displayed products at trade shows, trained the sales force, and provided technical support to field sales personnel.

He analyzed the market for implantable batteries, medical oxygen concentrators, home carbon monoxide monitors, nitrous oxide detectors, and self-contained, self-rescuer training devices.

In addition to developing batteries, gas sensors, and gas detection equipment, he completed the design of the SR-50, SR-50A, and SR-100A self-contained self-rescuers (SCSRs). He designed the SR-T, a live training device used to simulate SCSR donning and breathing. He improved the SR-100 SCSR by adding a temperature indicator, strengthening the dust shield, reducing nose clip discomfort, improving oxygen bottle reliability, reducing top plate assembly leakage, and reformulating the breathing hose material to increase its durability.

He developed commercially successful lithium batteries for implantable, industrial, and military applications. For implantable applications, dual anode lithium-iodine batteries with 5-times more power density, and lithium-iodine batteries with novel charge transfer complex cathodes that provide up to a 20% more energy density than prior art batteries, were developed.

He developed lithium-iodine button cells for memory backup applications and thermally activated lithium-iron disulfide batteries with improved energy and power density. He invented the lithium-silver oxide battery; a chemistry with twice the energy density of commercially available batteries. He worked with the cadmium-mercuric oxide, lithium-sulfur dioxide and lithium-thionyl chloride chemistries.

He developed a chemical hygiene and laboratory safety plan for a $100 million per year division of a Fortune 1000 company. He maintained and updated the plan and held weekly meetings to assure compliance. He prepared material safety data sheets for all division products. He served on the division’s safety committee. He performed chemical hygiene and safety audits. He performed accident investigations and implemented corrective actions.

While managing the product development process, he worked on many inventions in the battery, gas sensor, and respiratory protective equipment fields. Some of these were conceived while working with others and some while working alone. Many of these inventions were incorporated into commercially successful new and improved products.

After each invention was conceived, an analysis of marketability was performed. If an invention appeared to be of commercial value, an invention record was completed and sent in for management review. Once the review process was completed, a patent application was prepared and submitted. Legal support services were provided to assure that a patent issued in a timely manner.

He is named as inventor on 11 U.S. Patents and is the inventor of the ethylene oxide gas sensor and the lithium-silver oxide battery. He has 27 publications and presentations. He earned a Ph.D. in analytical chemistry from the State University of New York at Buffalo.

Expert may consult nationally and internationally, and is also local to the following cities: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania - Akron, Ohio - Youngstown, Ohio - Canton, Ohio

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Education

Year Degree Subject Institution
Year: 1981 Degree: Ph.D. Subject: Analytical Chemistry Institution: State University of New York at Buffalo
Year: 1974 Degree: B.S. Subject: Chemistry Institution: Brooklyn College

Work History

Years Employer Title Department Responsibilities
Years: 2004 to Present Employer: Undisclosed Title: Owner Department: Responsibilities: Use knowledge of batteries, gas monitors, and respiratory protection equipment to provide business, management, and technical support to organizations. Provide technology based companies with idea generation, market research, market assessment, proposal preparation, product improvement, product development, product qualification, product certification, operations start-up, and market launch services. Provide equipment users with assistance selecting, calibrating, using, and placing batteries, gas monitors, and respiratory protection equipment.

Assist in accident, environmental & health, product liability, and intellectual property disputes. Provide law firms and insurance companies with literature review & evaluation, failure analysis & testing, forensic investigation, and expert witness services. Provide investment managers with company overviews, industry reviews, market analyses, and information on emerging technologies. Participate in proposal review panels.
Years: 2000 to 2004 Employer: CSE Corporation Title: Technical Director Department: Responsibilities: He completed the design, documented, qualified, obtained CSA/NRTL and MSHA approvals, and transfered the Explorer 4 portable multi-gas monitor to operations. He completed the design, documented, qualified, and transfered the SR-50A and SR-100A self contained self rescuers to operations. He designed, documented, and qualified the SR-T, a live training device used to simulate self-contained self-rescuer donning and breathing. He interacted with quality, purchasing, production, sales, and vendor personnel to resolve operational issues. He supervised two electronics engineers, two chemists, a chemical technician, and a draftsman while reported to the Chairman and CEO of the CSE Corporation.
Years: 1996 to 2000 Employer: Mine Safety Appliances Company, Inc. Title: Trace Gas Analysis Marketing and Applications Laboratory Manager Department: Instrument Division Responsibilities: He developed a marketing strategy that enabled MSA to enter the chemical warfare agent detection market. He qualified the Passport® FiveStar, Passport PID II, Gasport®, and Mini Series® Responder industrial gas detection instruments; the Escort Elf® line of sampling pumps; and the MiniOX® line of medical instruments. He performed site assessments, trained sales personnel, exhibited products at trade shows, wrote product specifications, benchmarked competitor’s products, prepared product launch packages, and provided customer support. He recommended technologies for the detection of anesthetic agents, chemical warfare agents, explosives, illicit drugs, industrial toxins, mercaptans, pesticides, and VOCs. He supervised 10 staff members while reporting to the General Manager of MSA's Instrument Division.
Years: 1992 to 1996 Employer: Mine Safety Appliances Company, Inc. Title: Sensor R&D Manager Department: Instrument Division Responsibilities: He developed a low-cost package for electrochemical toxic gas sensors and invented a low-power combustible gas sensor. He developed an OSHA compliant laboratory safety program and prepared MSDSs. He supervised 10 staff members in the fields of electrochemistry, combustion chemistry, and sensor science while reported to the Chief Scientist of MSA's Instrument Division.
Years: 1989 to 1992 Employer: Mine Safety Appliances Company, Inc. Title: Chemical R&D Manager Department: Catalyst Research Division Responsibilities: He developed sensors for the analysis of chlorine, ethylene oxide, hydrogen sulfide, nitric oxide, nitrogen dioxide, and oxygen. He developed improved lithium-iodine and thermally activated batteries. He invented the lithium-silver oxide battery and an electrochemical sensor for breath-by-breath oxygen analysis. He designed prototype instrumentation for sensing medical gases. He supervised 18 staff members in the fields of biomedical engineering, electrochemistry, materials science, mechanical engineering and electronics engineering while reporting to the General Manager of MSA’s Catalyst Research Division.
Years: 1985 to 1988 Employer: Mine Safety Appliances Company, Inc. Title: Program Manager - Specialty Batteries Department: Catalyst Research Division Responsibilities: He coordinated a proposal preparation effort that led to a $20 million multi-year award for the establishment and operation of a facility dedicated to the design and production of specialty batteries for the U.S. Government. He established facilities for the design and production of specialty batteries. He produced cadmium-mercuric oxide cells for qualification testing and negotiated a $1.5 million contract for the delivery of production cells. He acquired the technology to produce lithium-sulfur dioxide batteries. He recruited 20 administrative, production, development, and quality control personnel while reported to the General Manager of MSA’s Catalyst Research Division.
Years: 1979 to 1984 Employer: Mine Safety Appliances Company, Inc. Title: Senior Research Scientist Department: Catalyst Research Division Responsibilities: Supervised 2 chemists engaged in the development of high energy density lithium-carbon monofluoride, lithium-iodine, lithium-manganese dioxide, and lithium thionyl chloride batteries. Reported to the Director of Research of MSA’s Catalyst Research Corporation.
• Invented a lithium-iodine battery chemistry with an order of magnitude increase in power density.
• Tested and selected materials that reduced the manufacturing cost of thermally activated batteries.
• Wrote proposals that led to the award of three U.S. Government R&D contracts.

Career Accomplishments

Associations / Societies
American Chemical Society
American Chemical Society – Pittsburgh Section
Pittsburgh-Cleveland Catalyst Society
Society for Analytical Chemists of Pittsburgh
Professional Appointments
He is employment committee chairman of the American Chemical Society – Pittsburgh Section.
Awards / Recognition
He has written proposals that have resulted in the award of millions of dollars worth of U.S. Government contracts.
Publications and Patents Summary
He has 11 U.S. Patents, Publications/ presentations: 36 in battery technology, gas detection, and respiratory protective equipment.

Additional Experience

Expert Witness Experience
He was deposed as an expert witness in a case involving the infringement of a lithium battery patent, in a case involving the explosion of a lead-acid battery, and in a case involving the malfunction of respiratory protective equipment.
Training / Seminars
He co-authored and presented a professional development course at an AICHE meeting that included a summary of the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard. Air monitoring requirements, hazardous air contaminants, available air monitoring equipment, and air contaminant control methods were discussed.
He developed and presented a seminar used to train field sales personnel in the operation of gas detection equipment.
Vendor Selection
He has experience identifying, selecting, and negotiating with a wide variety of vendors and equipment manufacturers.
Marketing Experience
He performed a variety of marketing and product management tasks including the determination of market players, market share, and growth rate. He analyzed competitive technologies, assessed the intellectual property environment, developed product concepts, and wrote product specifications. He drafted press releases and advertising brochures, staffed booths at trade shows, and gave presentations in support of the sales effort.
Other Relevant Experience
He developed, tested, and qualified new and improved products. He coordinated the development of complete product documentation packages and set-up manufacturing lines.

SYMPOSIA
2008 Future of Energy Symposium, organizing committee, morning session chair
2014 ACS Central Regional Meeting, organizing committee, co-chair of the electricity: generation, transmission, & storage session

Fields of Expertise

air-quality assessment, chemical sensor, gas sensor, analytical chemistry instrument, chemical analysis instrumentation design, electrochemical analysis, gas trace analysis, electrochemical gas sensor, electrochemical sensor, electrochemical oxygen sensor, exhaust-gas oxygen analyzer, oxygen analyzer, oxygen sensor, gas analysis, carbon monoxide detector, combustible gas detection, gas detection, hydrocarbon detection, hazardous chemical analysis, hydrogen sensor, hydrogen detection, hydrogen cyanide, design verification testing, product reliability improvement, device product development, new product design, product testing, environmental testing, research and development management, new product market survey, protective respirator, advanced battery, battery failure, solid-electrolyte battery, artificial cardiac pacemaker battery, lithium battery, electric battery testing, thermal battery, laboratory safety, chemical hygiene plan, device inventing, breath, accident reduction, self-contained self-rescuer, industrial air quality, chemical accident, commercialization, business development, lithium battery testing, palladium chloride, metal ion sensor, battery degradation, ion conducting polymer, deionized water quality, chemical health hazard management, industrial chemical toxicology, analytical testing, battery reliability, environmental safety, battery application, electric battery material testing, analytical laboratory, hydrogen evolution, electrochemical processing, environmental air sampling, environmental water sampling, product management, gasometer, electrode overvoltage, applied toxicology, environmental capillary gas chromatography application, fuel cell material, hazard identification, microporous membrane, implantable defibrillator battery, lithium battery accident investigation, chemical characterization, differential-scanning calorimetry, new product assessment, research and development, materials safety data sheet, exhaust-gas carbon monoxide analyzer, detection, product design, qualitative chemical analysis, analytical reagent, new product development management, energy storage, legal patenting, oxygen, explosive material, hazardous material, microscopy, testing, solid electrolyte, potentiometric analysis, metal chemical analysis, lead compound, lead, failure analysis, electrochemical thermodynamics, electrochemical engineering, electrocatalysis, dust filtration, chemical safety, calorimetry, air-depolarized battery, accident investigation

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