Expert in Forensic Entomology, Pest Investigation/Identification
Expert is a recognized entomologist and taxonomist. He has been called upon to conduct consultations in both industry and courtroom settings, and has been an expert witness.
Expert has taught insecticide toxicology in the U.S Naval Reserve, and has the following Department of Defense certifications: DoD Aerial Application Pest Control, DoD Federal Hazard Communication Training, DoD Pesticide Applicator Certification (Core), and DoD Category 8 Public Health Control.
Expert has provided numerous lectures, presentations, and field trips on the subject of botany. He is also a professional photographer and has developed a botanical CD-ROM, "Flora of the Eastern United States". This work is a botanical atlas, is keyword indexed, and awaits a distributor. He has taxonomic expertise for a large proportion of species of the eastern United States.
Expert has had a professional interest in acarology and tick-transmitted diseases for over 25 years. In addition, he has expertise in the identification and biology of the ticks of North America, the Middle East, and Africa. Expert's most recent project resulted in the production of color-coded, threat and risk assessment maps that depict the spatial distributions and densities for the Lone Star tick and the American Dog tick, among different habitats and ecological zones. These habitats include forest, wetlands, and meadows. These modeling techniques have conservation biology relevance and can be applied to other insects and arthropod vectors of disease, including mosquitoes.
Through various models that Expert has developed, his techniques can be further modified to develop risk maps. The potential use for these maps extends beyond ticks and invertebrates, and will someday be used for habitat assessment, modeling invasive species (both plant and animal), and monitoring environmental quality.
Expert's career has largely focused on ecology. He continues to develop methods that can be used for understanding the many relationships for characterizing and predicting the distributions of various organisms. One of his long term interests is examining habitat quality and suitability within ecosystems.
Expert is an expert in biosystematics (i.e., taxonomist) in the field of invertebrate zoology; including insects from within aquatic, wetland, and terrestrial systems.
Expert published his findings on ecological modeling techniques that describe the trophic relationships for the insects of wetlands. His work can be used in conjunction with habitat models, especially when these involve endangered species.
Much of Expert's research career has focused on population ecology and he has published extensively in these areas. He has produced population models for hornets and yellowjackets in the Eastern U.S.; the snakes of Egypt; and ticks in Virginia.
Expert has a keen interest in terrestrial ecology, especially as it relates to habitat quantification and being able to predict the distributions and densities of insects and other arthropods.
Expert also has an interest in the trophic level distribution of aquatic insects in wetlands, especially those that are found in ephemeral pools. His long-term goal is to determine the role that ephemeral pools play in maintaining metapopulations.
Expert has been a professional entomologist for over 25 years with extensive experience related to arthropods. This experience includes comprehensive mulit-taxal field studies, laboratory identifications, and forensics. For a number of arthropods, he has published papers in the area of biochemistry, ecology, trophic levels and threat assessments. He has served as an expert witness. Expert is more than capable of determining most any arthropod to the family, genus, and species levels.
Expert has over 25 years experience working with bees and wasps. He has taught laboratory courses in Bees and Beekeeping and is quite familiar with the diseases, pests, and accidental insecticide poisonings of beehives. Expert has written a chapter in a book, which discusses the biology and life cycle of our native bees including sting treatments and allergy medications.
Expert recently completed an Earth Science textbook consisting of 16 chapters in four broad categories: the Celestial Sphere, the Atmosphere, The Earth and Lithosphere, and the Hydrosphere. He has extensive knowledge of biomes and ecosystems throughout the world and is weaving what the ancient Greeks and Egyptians knew about the natural sciences, into his book. Expert considers himself an amateur Egyptologist.
Expert has extensive experience in forensic techniques in the field of entomology. These involve the assessment of pest damage or the consequences of pest damage; especially, the origin of the pest(s) and timeline(s). Past experience has included: (1) Federal Courtroom testimony regarding a wasp nest that blocked a gas vent pipe. (2) Beetles that caused and exacerbated the transmission of mold. (3) Clothes moth and carpet beetle infestation in a warehouse.
Expert uses state-of-the-art techniques for conducting forensics, including the use of photography and video.
Expert was asked to participate in a brainstorming discussion, which involved discussing insect and plant defenses.Expert investigated a silken and woolen carpet inventory, which had a severe infestation of clothes moths and carpet beetles. He reported that the owners did not apply good housekeeping practices and did nothing to prevent potential/real infestations.Expert investigated a furniture inventory that was infested with mold. He determined that several families of beetles originated with the shipment in a foreign country. The beetles exacerbated the mold infestation.Expert has much experience with determining numerical thresholds for pests, applying control measures, and identifying efficacy of control measures. Expert has maintained a website in the past, where clients have contacted him to identify their pests, and wanting to know potential threats and their origins.
Expert may consult nationally and internationally, and is also local to the following cities: Detroit, Michigan - Warren, Michigan - Sterling Heights, Michigan - Livonia, Michigan - Dearborn, Michigan - Westland, Michigan - Cleveland, Ohio - Toledo, Ohio - Akron, Ohio - Erie, Pennsylvania
|Year: 1990||Degree: Ph.D.||Subject: Entomology||Institution: Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University|
|Year: 1986||Degree: M.S.||Subject: Entomology||Institution: The Ohio State University|
|Year: 1983||Degree: B.A.||Subject: Biology||Institution: The University of Toledo|
|Years: 2002 to Present||Employer: Undisclosed||Title: Consultant & Author||Department:||Responsibilities: Expert has significant court-room experience as an expert witness and has provided consultation and insect/pest identifications for various companies and universities. Expert has a keen interest for investigating the ecological relationships among organisms, using a combination of laboratory, field, and modeling techniques. During his career he has conducted research and published on: (1) the ecology and nutritional ecology of vespid wasps, (2) the ecology of Egyptian snakes, (3) wetland ecology, (4) public health and Geographic Information Systems (GIS), and most recently (5) the modeling of tick populations as a function of habitat structure. His recent research has led to the development of tick threat assessment maps for use on U. S. military and federal lands. These maps have many uses but primarily serve as a guide to help natural resource and military personnel avoid tick borne diseases. He is a professional photographer and has developed educational CD-ROMs. He has recently completed writing two high school science books, Biology and Earth Science.|
|Years: 1987 to Present||Employer: Undisclosed||Title: Commander / Medical Planner||Department: 4th Medical Battalion 4th Medical Logistics Group||Responsibilities: In his present position, Expert is a Senior Medical Planner for the 4th Marine Division and 4th Medical Battalion. He is responsible for the acquisition of medical assets, clinics, equipment, and staffing. In addition, Expert writes the medical response plans and the emergency medical evacuation procedures. Finally, he researches, compiles and disseminates overseas country-specific medical intelligence. Since 1987, Expert has participated in a variety of projects during his annual two-week training with the U.S. Navy Reserves: 2008, Validation of Disease Vector Surveillance Program, Preventive Medicine Department, Camp LeJeune, NC; 2007, Development of a Disease Vector Surveillance Program, Preventive Medicine Department, Camp LeJeune, NC; 2006, Field Medical Services Officer School, Camp LeJeune, NC; 2005, Environmental Health Officer, Fleet Hospital Orientation Training Course, Camp Pendleton, CA; 2004, Field Hospital Perimeter Defense and Vehicle Defense countermeasures, Ft. McCoy, WI; 2003, Mobilized for Operation Noble Eagle, DVECC, Jacksonville, FL; 2001, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Walter Reed Medical Center, Washington, DC; 2000, Malaria Research Unit, U. S. Navy Medical Research Center, Bethesda, MD; 1999, U. S. Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC; 1997, U. S. Navy Preventive Medicine Unit No. 2, Norfolk, VA; 1996, Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO) dengue fever training and surveillance workshop in Jamaica, West Indies. In previous years, Expert has conducted various projects for U. S. Navy shipboard Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Programs. These pests have included cockroaches, rats, and stored-products pests. He also participated in several disease surveys including those for Hantavirus and Lyme disease.|
|Years: 2007 to 2007||Employer: Baker College||Title: Instructor||Department: Education||Responsibilities: Expert was contracted as a temporary instructor and taught the following classes: Principles of Biology & Environmental Science (24 students in 2 sections for each class). Baker College is located in Flint, Michigan, and had a branch campus in Brook Park, Ohio.|
|Years: 2007 to 2007||Employer: Cuyahoga County Board of Health||Title: Program Evaluator||Department: Greater Cleveland Lead Advisory Council||Responsibilities: Expert was a full-time contractor whose chief goal was to determine process and outcome measures for various grant partners associated with the Greater Cleveland Lead Advisory Council (GCLAC). His responsibilities consisted of designing data collections forms, compiling quarterly data, measuring progress, and providing a series of evaluation tools to identify which practices/procedures can be associated with low and/or decreasing lead blood levels in the children of Cleveland. For the 40 unique project objectives, Expert provided the Cuyahoga County Board of Health and the St. Luke’s Foundation a final evaluation and report on December 11, 2007.|
|Years: 2004 to 2007||Employer: St. Peregrine Academy||Title: Vice Principal / Teacher||Department:||Responsibilities: Expert was responsible for teaching science, higher mathematics, and physical education. As Vice Principal, Expert oversaw the development of curricula, lesson plans, and was responsible for the day-to-day operations of the school, that included monitoring the teaching activities of 12 full time teachers.
|Years: 1996 to 2001||Employer: Virginia Tech||Title: Division Leader||Department: Conservation Management Institute||Responsibilities: Expert was responsible for designing and implementing ecology-based projects within the context of remote sensing and GIS. These studies included tick distribution and ecology, and the aquatic invertebrates of vernal pools. His responsibilities also included developing websites and other information programs for use on the World Wide Web. Expert has expertise with the following information system development software and/or programming languages and uses these on a routine basis: Geographic Information Systems (Arcview), Statistical Analysis System (SAS), HTML, Microsoft Office, and Adobe Photoshop.|
|Years: 2003 to 2003||Employer: U.S. Navy (mobilized for active duty)||Title: Special Projects Department Head||Department: Disease Vector Ecology & Control Center||Responsibilities: Expert taught insect identification, developed a telephone survey for regionalized procedures for West Nile Virus, and revised policy and procedures for information systems security.|
|Years: 2002 to 2004||Employer: Case Western Reserve University||Title: Consultant||Department: Center for Global Health and Diseases||Responsibilities: Expert was part of a group that investigated the temporal and spatial dynamics of West Nile Virus (WNV) transmission in Northeast Ohio. Specifically, he was interested in delineating those factors that were responsible for (1) epizootics in bird populations and (2) epidemics among humans. Expert's responsibilities included developing and coordinating the geographic information systems (GIS) components of the project. These include the statistical analysis and mapping of landscape variables, habitat heterogeneity, mosquito populations, resistance genes, WNV genotypes, and bird densities. As a Commander in the U. S. Navy Reserve Medical Service Corps, Expert was mobilized with Operation Noble Eagle for several months in 2003 at the Navy Disease Vector Ecology and Control Center, Jacksonville, FL, and oversaw the implementation of WNV control programs for naval stations in the eastern U.S.
|Years: 1987 to Present||Agency: United States Naval Reserve||Role: Medical Planner/Entomologist||Description: In his present position, Expert is a Senior Medical Planner for the 4th Marine Division and 4th Medical Battalion. He is responsible for the acquisition of medical assets, clinics, equipment, and staffing. In addition, Expert writes the medical response plans and the emergency medical evacuation procedures. Finally, he researches, compiles and disseminates overseas country-specific medical intelligence.Since 1987, he has participated in a variety of projects during his annual two-week training with the U.S. Navy Reserves. During the past few years, he had the following two-week assignments:2011, Senior Medical Planner for the training exercise Javelin Thrust, Bridgeport, CA (5000 personnel)2010, Senior Medical Planner for the training exercise Shared Accord, Maputo, Mozambique (850 personnel) 2009, Senior Medical Planner for the training exercise Javelin Thrust, Bridgeport, CA (3,500 personnel) 2008, Validation of Disease Vector Surveillance Program, Preventive Medicine Department, Camp LeJeune, NC 2007, Development of a Disease Vector Surveillance Program, Preventive Medicine Department, Camp LeJeune, NC 2006, Field Medical Services Officer School, Camp LeJeune, NC 2005, Environmental Health Officer, Fleet Hospital Orientation Training Course Camp Pendleton, CA 2004, Badger Medic/Northern Lights, Ft. McCoy, WI 2003, Mobilized for Operation Noble Eagle, DVECC, Jacksonville, FL 2001, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Walter Reed Medical Center, Washington, DC; 2000, Malaria Research Unit, U. S. Navy Medical Research Center, Bethesda, MD; 1999, U. S. Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC; 1997, U. S. Navy Preventive Medicine Unit No. 2, Norfolk, VA; 1996, Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO) dengue fever training and surveillance workshop in Jamaica, West Indies.|
|Years: 2003 to 2003||Agency: United States Naval Reserve||Role: Medical Entomologist||Description: As a Commander in the U.S. Navy Reserve Medical Service Corps, Expert was mobilized with Operation Noble Eagle for several months at the Navy Disease Vector Ecology and Control Center, Jacksonville, FL, and oversaw the implementation of WNV control programs for Naval stations in the eastern U.S. Expert also conducted a public health inspection at the U.S. Naval Base Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.|
|Years: 1992 to 1993||Agency: U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No.3, Cairo, Egypt||Role: Medical Entomologist||Description: Expert was involved with several studies at NAMRU-3, including investigations with regard to feeding behavior in ticks and West Nile Virus, and the ecology and taxonomy of three species of sand fly. He also conducted a countrywide survey of the venomous and non-venomous snakes of Egypt. Expert was team leader in all of these projects.|
|Years: 1976 to 1982||Agency: United States Navy||Role: Aviation Ordnanceman, Second Class Petty Officer||Description: When Expert first enlisted in the Navy he supervised aircraft armament maintenance crews. Responsibilities consisted of weapons loading and routine maintenance of all naval aircraft armament systems; including Sparrow, Phoenix, Sidewinder, and M61A1 aircraft cannon.|
|Years||Country / Region||Summary|
|Years: 1992 to 1993||Country / Region: Egypt (Cairo)||Summary: Expert was a team leader and conducted several studies at the US Navy's Medical Research Unit Number 3, including investigations with regard to feeding behavior in ticks and West Nile virus, and the ecology and taxonomy of three species of sand fly. He also conducted and published a countrywide survey of the venomous and non-venomous snakes of Egypt.|
|Years: 1991 to 1991||Country / Region: Italy||Summary: Expert was mobilized for the first Gulf War and stationed in Naples, Italy. He was responsible for training, conducting disease vector surveillance, implementing quarantine procedures, and providing consultation for military health care professionals before their deployment. The most extensive project that he developed was a disease vector surveillance training project for European Command military exercises in Zimbabwe. The surveillance training for this program included the following disease vectors: ticks, mosquitoes, snails, tsetse flies, fleas, lice, and venomous arthropods. Expert was awarded a Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal for the success of the project.|
|Years: 1996 to 1996||Country / Region: Jamaica||Summary: Expert assisted in the development of a Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO) dengue fever training and surveillance workshop in Jamaica, West Indies.|
|Associations / Societies|
|Expert is a member of Sigma Xi, the American Mosquito Control Association, Society for Vector Ecology, Entomological Society of America, and The Ohio Lepidopterists.|
|Licenses / Certifications|
|He is licensed or certified with the Department of Defense in: DoD Aerial Application Pest Control; DoD Federal Hazard Communication Training; DoD Pesticide Applicator Certification (Core); DoD Category 8 Public Health Control.|
|Awards / Recognition|
|Expert is a member of the honorary society Sigma Xi, and has twice received the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal.|
|Publications and Patents Summary|
|Expert has written 15 refereed publications, two science textbooks, one book chapter, 20 extension publications, and two miscellaneous publications. He is currently having patents developed for his predictive models for disease vectors on federal lands using Geographic Information Systems (GIS).|
|Expert Witness Experience|
|Expert was an expert witness in Morris Hansford Looney v. Island Creek Coal Co., Noah Horn Well Drilling Inc., et al in Buchanan County Circuit Court (Case No. 420-96).
Expert was called upon for his expertise with wasps. In this case, he investigated the entry of wasps into a vent pipe. The mud nest blocked the venting of natural gas, which caused a buildup. A spark ignited the gas, causing an explosion, and severely injuring the homeowner. Expert identified the wasp species, described their biology, and determined the age of the wasp nest, using state-of-the-art forensic techniques.
|Training / Seminars|
|He has 28 years of experience in teaching junior officers and sailors the principles of leadership. He has also taught various courses over the years including stored product pests, medical veterinary pests, urban pests, and pest control technology.|
|Expert has developed numerous websites that have been used for distributing information and/or products.|
|Other Relevant Experience|
|Expert is an accomplished professional photographer. He has had many of his photos published in journals, books, magazines, and television documentaries. During his time as a graduate student at The Ohio State University (1984-87), he worked as a Research Associate at the University's Plant Pest Diagnostic Center. He also worked with horticulturists, plant pathologists, and other extension personnel in identifying insect-related problems. His additional responsibilities included determining insects to the species level and advising control measures. On average, Expert processed five to seven samples per day, which is considerable over a two-year period. Accordingly, he is very familiar with most agricultural, forest, medical-veterinary, and urban pests.|
|Italian||Expert can speak and read Italian socially and professionally at a good level, and rates his writing ability as fair.|
|Spanish||He can speak and read Spanish socially and professionally at a fair level, and also writes at a fair level.|
|Arabic||Expert has limited social and professional speaking ability in Arabic.|