Expert Details

Expert in Glass and Ceramic Plant Design: Erection, Construction, Start-up and Operation

Expert ID: 723550 Turkey

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After 4 years of chemical engineering education, he studied in the Department of Glasses, Ceramics and Polymers of Sheffield University, UK where he has obtained M. Sc. and Ph.D. degrees. Following this, he has spent most of his early professional life in the largest glass and ceramic company in his country, having 27 factories and producing nearly all range of glass products except optical glass. After initial 2 years, he was appointed as the chief troubleshooter. Some of his main areas of work were the following.

He would make preparation for major production changes such as tailoring glass batch and composition for a color or composition change in a glass furnace and apply the change in the plant. He would tailor glass composition for a certain machine setting or choose machine setting for a certain glass composition. In all technical cooperation agreements that the company had made, he would take part from contracting to application stages. He would attend to furnace emergencies and also inspect conditions of furnaces after their normal age and based on his findings, make corrections on design of furnaces.

Most important of all, he would be called to solve the technical and production problems of the factories. The procedure was that, if the plant could not solve a specific problem in over one week, they would ask for the help of the central technical department and he would go. He was usually expected to come up with an answer in a matter of few hours. Therefore, he not only has a strong education in glass and ceramic technology, but also has full command of glass raw materials, machinery, furnaces, production techniques and finishing of glass including surface finishing and decoration.

Additionally, he has as a part of the mission he has undertaken for United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), he has started mechanized glass container production in the city of Firozabad, India.


As a part of his job, he would attend to furnace emergencies and also inspect conditions of furnaces after their normal age and based on his findings, make corrections on design of furnaces. All but two of the furnaces in the company were regenerative.

Additionally, he has undertaken a long-term mission for United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), where he had to convert all glass melting and working operations in the city of Firozabad, India, from coal to natural gas. In the process, he has redesigned all the melting furnaces, (tank and pot) annealing furnaces and even the pot arches.

He has made preparations for major production changes, such as tailoring glass batches, composition for a color or composition change in a glass furnace, and calculating new annealing curves and apply the change in the plant. During his work as consultant, he has worked with a company making furnaces and kilns. Here together with furnace design, he is preparing the temperature profiles for best annealing of the glasses that are processed. He has full knowledge and experience in annealing of nearly all types of glass.

Besides other duties, he would make preparation for major production changes such as tailoring glass batch or composition for a color change in a glass furnace containing 600 tons of glass (flat glass) and apply the change in the plant. He has done such work in a wide range of furnace sizes and glass compositions. Therefore, he is very experienced in glass color tailoring, control and measurement. Some of his main areas of work were R&D management, trouble shooting, information and know-how transfer. At one stage, he was given the job of designing and building a plant that would produce glass beads for reflective road signs, which he designed, built and operated successfully.

As a part of his job, in all technical cooperation agreements that the company had made, he would take part from contracting to application stages. Additionally, he has as a part of the mission he has undertaken for United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO); he has started mechanized glass container production in the city of Firozabad, India. Therefore, he has worked both in giving and taking side of technology transfer for glass container production.

He has increased production 5 fold and productivity more than 7 fold. In addition to his formal education on Chemical engineering and Ceramic Technology (together with glass), he has spent 7 years in R&D side of the subject with production interaction and an additional 9 years of successful industrial experience.

Since his retirement, he has been working as an International Technical Consultant. In this period, he has been helping many companies and he has designed and constructed one porcelain tableware, one brick and one ceramic roof tile factory outside his own.

Since his retirement, he has been working as an International Technical Consultant. In this period he has been helping many companies and he has designed and constructed one porcelain table ware, one brick factory and one ceramic roof tile factory outside his own country. After the erection, he gives training on all stages of ceramic production. Therefore he has full grasp of ceramic drying, as well as all the other stages of production, from raw material preparation, through forming, glazing, firing and decorating to packaging. He also has a good knowledge of mould making furnace design, kiln furniture and all the auxiliary operations regarding ceramic industry. In most two stage firing operations, products are sintered to a biscuit before glazing and he has used this operation in most cases. Therefore he is in good command of sintering operations.

After retirement, he has been helping many companies and he has designed and constructed one porcelain tableware, one brick factory and one ceramic roof tile factory outside his own country. After the erection, he gives training on all stages of ceramic production. Therefore he has full grasp of operations in a ceramic factory as well as forming. Since slip-casting jiggering has been the major method of forming until Expert pressing pressure casting and ram pressing of flatware has come in, he is very familiar with the process. He has tailored recipes for physical properties and color. He Expert measure, compare and calculate color in all glass and ceramic products. He Expert also tailor compositions for glass and ceramic frits for coloring and ceramic color production.

He served for 7 years in the central technical department, where, besides other duties, he would attend to furnace emergencies and also inspect conditions of furnaces after their normal age and based on his findings, make corrections on design of furnaces. Subsequently, he was appointed as Production Manager of the largest porcelain tableware factory of its time, which he has done successfully for 2 years until he was promoted as CEO of the company. Since his retirement from the company, he has been working as International Technical Consultant. In this period he has been helping many companies and he has designed and constructed one porcelain tableware, one brick factory and one ceramic roof tile factory outside his own country. He has done several missions in India with United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) for converting all the furnaces (pot, batch, regenerative and recuperative continuous, day tank and pot arch) from coal burning to natural gas firing or electrical. He is also working as consultant for the largest company in his country that produces combustion and electrical furnaces for glass, metallurgy and ceramic industry. Therefore he is well acquainted with electric and combustion furnaces for the glass and ceramic industry.


From 1975 to 1982, he has worked as the chief trouble shooter in the glass and porcelain production company having 27 factories. If the technical personnel of the plants could not solve a major problem within 1 week, they would refer to the central research department and he would be sent to the site. Usually it took him 1 hour to 1 day to solve the problem and offer a remedy.During his work as CEO of the biggest porcelain tableware company of the country, he was offered the position of Vice president of the Gebze research Center of Turkish Research Council. His main duty was to increase the interaction between the industry and the center. During the first year of service, he has increased the income of the center from industry 65 fold. (6500%)He has worked as a consultant to the Presidency of Turkmenistan where he has constructed a Porcelain tableware plant and a ceramic roof tile plant. After the plants went into production, he was offered the position of CEO of the porcelain company. He accepted this position and done it for 5 years.In one consulting mission for UNIDO (United Nations Industrial Development Organization) he vas sent to the city of Firozabad where 137 plants were producing and operating on glass articles. The only source of energy was coal. The pollution from the city was endangering the historical sites in the nearby cities. In a period of 2 years, he has designed new furnaces, pot arches annealing muffles and other fuel consuming equipment, built, installed and operated them. After 4 years, the whole are was converted to natural gas firing.He was sent to Eritrea on a UNIDO mission to investigate and evaluate non metallic mineral reserves of the country.

In a 3 week mission, he has visited government offices, research centers, potential mineral sites and has found glass sand and potassium feldspar fields. He has designed a laboratory for their evaluation. He has visited marble and granite fields and the only stone processing plant of the country. He has prepared operating programs and preferred product lists.

Education

Year Degree Subject Institution
Year: 1975 Degree: Ph.D. Subject: Glasses and Ceramics Institution: Sheffield University (UK)
Year: 1970 Degree: M.Sc. Subject: Glass Ceramics Institution: Sheffield University (UK)
Year: 1969 Degree: B.S Subject: Chemical Engineering Institution: Middle East Technical University (Ankara - TR)

Work History

Years Employer Title Department
Years: 1994 to Present Employer: Undisclosed Title: Senior Share Holder Department:
Responsibilities:
He is one of the two owners of the Employer. The company is a base for giving freelance consulting services to companies and organizations. The service extended by him covers various domestic companies as well as organizations in India, Croatia, Turkmenistan, Russia, Greece, Eritrea, Austria, Slovakia as well as some Middle east Countries. He is also a consultant to the United Nations and has completed 8 projects with UNIDO (United Nations Industrial Development Organization) and UNDP (United Nations Development Project).
Years Employer Title Department
Years: 1990 to 1994 Employer: Title: Vice President Department:
Responsibilities:
He was responsible of all external relations of the Center, including industrial relations
Years Employer Title Department
Years: 1982 to 1990 Employer: Istanbul Porselen A.S. Title: General Manager Department:
Responsibilities:
Had all the responsibilities of the CEO of a company with 1200 employees. He managed the departments responsible of raw material mining, procurement, personnel planning, production, financing, marketing and sales. He had full responsibility of hiring and firing.

The company has closed and changed production field in 2003.

As General Manager (1984 - 1990),
All the responsibilities of a CEO reporting only to the board of directors, which are directing, managing and representing the company.
 Management of the raw materials mines and quarries
 Procurement
 Production
 Marketing and Sale
 Accounting and financing
 Planning, organization, market research, design, motivation of the employees
 Investment planning and implication
 Personnel management with hiring and firing authority.
 Board member of Pasabahce Ticaret Ltd. Sirketi.
Years Employer Title Department
Years: 1982 to 1984 Employer: Istanbul Porselen A.S. Title: Production Manager Department:
Responsibilities:
Was responsible of raw materials preparation, production and auxiliary operations such as energy management, repair and maintenance.

As Production Manager (1982 – 1984),
 Managing all production operations including budgeting
 Raw materials preparation
 Repair and maintenance
 Auxiliary units.
Years Employer Title Department
Years: 1975 to 1982 Employer: T. Sise ve Cam Fabrikalari A. S. Title: Research Engineer Department:
Responsibilities:
Had all the technical responsibility of the department. He had to prepare the research budgets, control the fulfillment of the daily responsibilities and direct the progress of the research projects. He was also responsible of the technical operation problems in production units (27 factories in total).


1975 -1982
Started as “Research Engineer and has been promoted to management of the R&D department of, T. Sise ve Cam Fabrikalari A. S. (also known as the Pasabahce Group or Camis)
Main responsibilities:
 Planning, founding, operation and management of the R&D Center of, T Sise ve Cam Fabrikalari A.S.
 Supervising all projects implemented in the Center
 Taking part in renovation, modernization and expansion of the production units and planning and design of the new production units
 Trouble shooting in production units
 Making the short, medium and long term technical planning of the Camis Group
 Taking part in the international meetings and negotiations of the Camis Group
Years Employer Title Department
Years: 1977 to 1979 Employer: T. Sise ve Cam Fabrikalari A. S. Title: Chief of Research - Chief Trouble Shooter Department:
Responsibilities:
Was the supervisor for the research and development projects carried in the company. He was also the chief trouble shooter for the entire production operation consisting of 27 factories producing flat glass, glass and porcelain tableware, automotive glass, fiber glass, glass containers, technical glasses and glass building elements.

Government Experience

Years Agency Role Description
Years: 1991 to 1994 Agency: Scientific and Industrial Council of Turkey Role: Vice President Description: He was responsible for coordinating all relations between the Organization and Third Parties. These included but are not limited with, industrial companies and organizations, contractors, clients of research projects as well as the media (press and TV). He also had the duty of organizing domestic and international congresses and conferences as well as taking care of the guests of the organization.He had full authority of hiring, firing and spending.

International Experience

Years Country / Region Summary
Years: 1993 to 2000 Country / Region: Eritrea Summary: He has studied the nonmetallic mineral reserves of the country. He has devised methods and made programs for their exploitation. He has also designed a laboratory for testing the said mineral deposits. Additionally, he has worked in the granite working factory and has set the production standards that shall be accepted by the world markets. The Project was financed by the UNIDO, therefore results were reported to UNIDO.
Years: 2000 to 2000 Country / Region: Turkmenistan/Nebitdag Summary: He has designed one porcelain factory and one roof tile factory. The factories were constructed under his supervision. After erection, he has operated the factories until the local personnel were competent enough to take over.
Years: 1993 to 2000 Country / Region: India/Firozabad Summary: In the scope of a UNIDO project, he has studied the negative environmental contribution of the glass industry. He has formulated methods for removing such effects. Subsequently, he has designed glass melting, annealing and pot arching and in a period of 4 years, he has worked together with the local “Center for the Development of Glass Industry” for conversion of the units in the city from “Coal Fired” to “Natural Gas Fired”
Years: 1992 to Present Country / Region: Austria/Wiener Neusadt Summary: He has been working as Standard Consultant and Trouble Shooter for the company Schue Karoseriebau GmbH. He answers all their technical questions and problems.
Years: 2000 to Present Country / Region: Austria/Vienna & Slovakia/Lucenec Summary: He is the Technical Consultant for the companies BioDiesel Technologies GmbH of Vienna, Austria and their sister company Kovostrj s.r.o. of Lucenec Slovakia. He uses his chemical engineering knowledge and experience for designing and improving their systems.

Career Accomplishments

Associations / Societies
Memberships:
• Turkish Gourmet Society - Istanbul: The only gourmet organization in Turkey with not more than 180 members
• Goksu Rotary Club - Istanbul,
• Congress on Glass of United Kingdom - UK, Union of glass producers and scientists
• Camkoy Foundation - Pasabahce, Istanbul: Founding member of a foundation specialized in preserving the traditional glassmaking methods.
• Turkish foundation of preservation of handcrafts and ceramics - Istanbul, Founding member
• PADI (Professional Association of Diving Instructors- UK, Open sea diver
• Turkish Ceramic Association – Istanbul: Founding member
Professional Appointments
He has acted as board president, Board Vice President and as Member of Board of Directors in a number of organizations. He has also acted as Vice President of the Scientific and Industrial Council of Turkey for three years.

Between the years 1994 – 1998 he has been consultant to the President of Turkmenistan on Industrial plants and policies.

He has worked as technical consultant for the UNIDO (United Nations Industrial Development Organization) on many projects in Eritrea, India, Croatia, Turkmenistan and Turkey.

He is also permanent consultant for the Chairman of Turkish National Assembly for preservation of glasses and ceramics in the national museums and palaces.
Awards / Recognition
His work on Bionic Heart Valve Design and Testing has been awarded the Medicine Award of the Turkish Heart Foundation.
Publications and Patents Summary
He has 14 scientific papers and numerous articles in various magazines.

Two of his patent applications have been accepted and they are pending the world verification.

Additional Experience

Expert Witness Experience
During his service in the Scientific and Technical Research Council of Turkey, and his service in the glass company, he was an Expert Witness for the courts of justice for whose decision had to be proven scientifically.
Training / Seminars
During his work in Glass Company, he has prepared seminars and conferences. During this period he has also delivered papers and conferences in different countries and different occasions. Subsequently, during his service in the Scientific and Technical Research Council, organization of all meetings and seminars was under his responsibility.
Vendor Selection
Since 1975, he has been designing production plants, analysis and test systems, preparing specification sheets, choosing materials and equipment and specifying the optimum vendor.
Marketing Experience
Between 1982 and 1990, he worked as CEO of a porcelain production plant with over 1000 employees. During the first years of his employment, he has increased annual production from 3,200,000 pieces per annum to over 16,000,000. This caused a sales problem in a company which already had problems selling their low production volume. He changed sales methods, market targets and in a period of 4 months, increased the sales 5 fold.
Other Relevant Experience
His main experience is in solving production problems and starting-up new plants. But he has sufficient experience in personnel and financial operations.

Institutions served: (Only the major ones are listed)
• United Nations Development Program (UNDP): Preparation, organization and implication of a large scale project, aiming at determining the energy consumption of Indian glass technology.
• United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO): Large number of projects in Croatia, Eritrea, India and Turkmenistan covering glass, ceramics and minerals.
• International Sepermurat Turkmenbashi Foundation - Turkmenistan: Design monitoring manufacture and erection and subsequent operation of a porcelain tableware factory and finding the raw materials locally.
• Asist Insaat A.S. - Istanbul: Design monitoring manufacture and erection and subsequent operation of a roof tile factory and finding the raw materials locally.
• TATA Energy Research Institute (TERI) - India: Preparation and presentation of a training program on Energy Economy in Glass Industry.
• Schuh Karoseriebau GmbH - Viener Neustadt, Austuria: Production of a prototype unit for producing hydrogen from methanol.
• Polikim A.S. - Istanbul: Assessment of the Africa based raw materials with respect to glass and ceramic industry and evaluations of the company’s plans for building glass and ceramic factories. (Recommendation was for not building a factory)
• Cinkur Cinko Sanayii A.S. – Kayseri, Turkey: Building of a co generative electric generation plant
• Akbabek Kerpich Zavodu - Turkmenistan:
Technical assistance on technology and raw materials in a brick factory.
• Dixie Industry and Trading - Bucharest, Romania: Design, manufacture, erection and operation of a recycling plant producing lead from used car batteries. Also, examination of second hand factories and reporting on their conditions Afyon Cam Mozaik A.S. – Afyon, Turkey: Design of raw material preparation unit for glass mosaic factory and subsequent technical back-up..
• Ozmak Makine Sanayi ve A.S. - Guzelyali, Istanbul: Technical assistance on production of machinery and furnaces for glass and ceramic industry.
• Presidency of Turkish National Assembly: Consulting services on conservation of glasses and ceramics in national palaces and museums..
• BioDiesel Industries GmbH, Austuria: Consultancy on design and production of a compact unit for producing biodiesel from vegetable oils
• PROSMAK – Istanbul: Design, controlling the production and erection and subsequent operation of various recycling plants.
• Bahar Endustriyel A.S.: Design, controlling the production and erection and subsequent operation of various chemical systems and recycling plants.
• Various domestic companies: Consultancy services on glass, ceramics, material technology and various processes.

Language Skills

Language Proficiency
English He is bilingual between English and Turkish
Turkish He is bilingual between English and Turkish
Russian He has good command of the language
German He has good command of the language

Fields of Expertise

glass, glass batch formulation, soda-lime glass manufacturing, glass batch material, glass composition control, glass product decoration, glassworking machine, ceramic dry pressing, glass manufacturing process improvement, glass forming, glass product, glass manufacturing, glass cullet, glass container, ceramic material manufacturing, glass chemistry, glass science, glass engineering, glass technology, glass property, glass quality, glass tile, regenerative glass furnace, glass furnace, glass annealing, glass color measurement, glass bead, glass container technology transfer, ceramic engineering, ceramic technology, ceramic drying technology, ceramic forming, whiteware industry, ceramic material, ceramic glazing, ceramic sintering, ceramic slip casting, jiggering, ceramic material color measurement, furnace design, furnace, combustion furnace, electric furnace, kiln, bilingual education, plant design, ceramic floor tile, borax, dust collector system, recuperative glass furnace, glass stress analysis, silica sand, ammonium nitrate, glass corrosion, particle-size control, glass fracturing, glass packaging material, industrial glass, glass sand, sodium nitrate, ceramic component manufacturing, ceramic extrusion, technical ceramic, ceramic product decoration, glass handling, molten glass, glass viscosity, ceramic quality control, float-glass process, ceramic property characterization, ceramic particle suspension, ceramic material selection, architectural glass, ceramic prototype, zirconium oxide, glass strengthening, glassworking, refractory thermal property, refractory ceramic failure, materials science, glass drilling, frit, energy-efficient electric furnace, energy-efficient furnace, glass cutting, glass failure, heating device, bag filter, sulfur dioxide, refractory, refractory concrete, heat exchanger, glassblowing, glass processing, control system, ceramic pipe, basic refractory

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