Expert Details

Expert in Microwave Heating Technology: Industrial, Ovens, Foods, Packaging, Accidents, Injuries, Fires, R&D

Expert ID: 108304 New York, USA

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Expert has been involved in research on microwave cooking for over 55 years. During that time, he has studied microwave and food interaction. He has developed and improved foods for microwave cooking and has assisted numerous individuals and companies in the preparation of microwave cookbooks, recipes, and new products. He has 28 US patents in this field.

He has spent over 55 years developing new microwave food processes. This has included the baking of breads and cakes, the proofing of yeast-leavened dough, the frying of donuts and chicken, and the cooking of poultry, meats, and sausage patties. It has also included the drying of cracker meal and confectionery, the pasteurization of whole meals, pasta ingredients, and liquids, and the sterilization of food products. He has also developed numerous non-food microwave processes, including aircraft component manufacture; chemical polymerization and pharmaceutical drying. Several of these systems are operating industrially and he has many patents in this area.

He has taught courses on microwave heating technology for over 40 years. They are designed for professionals such as scientists, process engineers and technologists. This has involved teaching the principles of microwave radiation, interaction with materials, heating mechanisms, experimental techniques, and applications. He has also published in this area. Expert lectured for over 35 years in a course on industrial drying in which his subject is microwave and radio frequency drying. He became the Director of this course, which was designed for engineers and scientists. He has also published in several peer-reviewed journals in this and other areas related to microwave science & technology. He has experience as an expert witness in 40 cases involving personal injury, medical malpractice, breach of contract, patent infringement,and more, all related to microwave ovens, microwaved products, industrial microwave & RF systems.

In his consulting work, he is frequently involved in the development of recipes for microwavable and conventional food products. This has sometimes included the development of cooking instructions and product testing. He has published widely in this area. He has been involved in the development of new food products for over forty years. This has been in all categories including frozen, shelf-stable, refrigerated, meat poultry, dairy, snacks, baking, confectionery, dietetic, and many more. It has involved both conventional and microwave products. Many of these products have had considerable retail success.

Expert has studied the performance characteristics of microwave ovens and written several articles in the area. This has included the effects of various food loads, mass vs. power output, hazardous conditions, and overheating phenomena. He has also been involved in the design of special microwave ovens for thawing blood plasma, sterilzation of medical and dental instruments, and analytical drying. He directs a course on microwave technology. He also does a great deal of performance testing of products in microwave ovens.

Expert has worked on several successful projects involving the pasteurization of various food products including whole meals, liquids, and dry ingredients. He has also worked on the pasteurization of non-food materials, especially liquid and dry pharmaceuticals. He holds a patent for the pasteurization of bakery products.

He has worked on the sterilization of food products using microwaves in a major project of a packaging company. This involved the development of a test system which included the accurate measurement of internal temperatures during microwaving. Products studied included meats, poultry, and vegetables. He developed a non-food microwave sterilization system, primarily for use in sterilizing medical and dental instruments, and has seven U.S. patents in this area.

Expert has been involved in applications of microwave heating for over 55 years. In that time he has published and lectured widely on the technology and applications. He has developed many microwave industrial processes and microwave oven products. He presents many in-house seminars on microwave topics every year. Topics include but are not limited to: microwavable foods, microwavable packaging, industrial microwave systems, performance testing of microwavable products and packaging, and safety of microwave products and processes.

Expert has done a great deal of microwave performance testing of foods, packages, ovens, and utensils. His work has prevented serious problems from reaching the market. He solved a major problem involving the shattering of glass containers in microwave ovens. His publications and methods in this area are used in laboratories around the world. He has developed a microwave packaging process for extending the shelf-life of baked products. He has also developed controlled atmosphere packaging for fruits and vegetables that was in commercial use and a controlled atmosphere packaging for yogurt that was used commercially for several years.

Much of his consulting and R&D involves the application of food technology and food chemistry to the development of new products and processes. Many of these have involved microwave baking. Expert has published extensively in the area of food science and technology involving microwaves.

His work over the last nearly 60 years has included baking ovens, fryers, extruders, dryers, mixers, freezers, coolers, and various other types of food processing equipment. He has also had very wide experience in the application of microwave energy to many of these equipment types. Expert work in the baking industry has spanned over 55 years. During that time he has developed and helped design baking ovens for bread and cakes utilizing microwave energy in combination with conventional heating. He has also developed industrial microwave fryers and proofers and most recently a microwave granola cooking system.

He has worked in research and development for various microwave heating applications for the pharmaceutical, chemical, rubber, textile, metallurgy, aircraft, energy, and other industries. He has published and lectured widely on this topic. A new area that expert had worked on, involved the development of numerous consumer products (personal care, household, hardware, and more) to be heated in microwave ovens. He has worked on the development, design, and testing of these products.

He has been working with microwave packaging for over 40 years. This includes the design of packaging systems and performance testing of packages, selection of proper packaging for microwave foods, and other issues. His book entitled "Microwave Packaging" was published in (Undisclosed). He has several patents pending on this topic.

Expert has done research on microwave hazards involving baby food, popcorn, paper towels and plates, and numerous food products. This includes investigations of fires, overheating phenomena, and eruptions. He has developed products to overcome these problems. He has written and lectured in this area. Most recently, he presented papers at two international conferences on the causes and prevention of fires in microwave and radio frequency equipment.

Beginning in the 1970s, he has been active in developing several microwave cookware products. He was deeply involved in the design and testing of new cookware products. He has chaired a technical committee that wrote test methods for plastic microwave cookware. He lectures on this topic and has a patent for a microwave cooking utensil.

Examples of the company's recent activities in industrial microwave heating systems include: development of a large granola processing system which is in commercial operation; a new microwave processing procedure for the manufacture of coated fish and poultry; processing of airplane components; development of a pilot-size microwave/steam retort; and, development of a method for foaming and drying of inorganic polymers; development of microwave bread baking processes; microwave sausage cooking system that operated commercially for 10 years. Patented new process for the manufacture of skinless frankfurters; the process could be adopted to the manufacture of wood composites, filled snicker snack items such as Twinkies, and more. Expert witness in a breach of contract case representing a manufacturer of heating equipment, and concerning its use in a new microwave processing system. Representing the plaintiff. The plaintiff has received a patent covering the process in which his equipment is involved.The case is ongoing. Expert witness in a personal injury suit, representing the plaintiff seriously injured by a seriously overheated and poorly designed microwavable product. I performed extensive product testing that revealed the inherent danger of overeheating. The case was settled. As a result, further research was done demonstrating the serious effects of location in a microwave oven upon the heating performance of small (one or 2 ounces) objects. Expert witness in a personal injury suit, representing the defendant manufacturer. After extensively testing the product I determined that there was a fault in the package that was the likely cause of the injury and advise the client to settle the case. Expert witness into medical malpractice cases, representing the plaintiff in each case. Plaintiff was injured by overheated microwavable gel packs. In one case, the injury was so severe it required surgery. Both cases was settled in favor of the plaintiff. Expert witness in several personal injury cases involving "microwave-safe" gel packs overheated in microwave ovens. All cases was settled in favor of the plaintiffs. Presented a webinar: "DANGER" Do not microwave this products!" for TASA, describing products that should never be heated in a microwave oven, and the reasons why. Products described include wax depilatories and sports gel packs. Expert witness in an industrial fire case. Large industrial microwave system used for cooking bacon for McDonald restaurants, caused a serious fire that burned down the processing plant. Represented the plaintiff. Expert witness in an industrial fire case. Large industrial RF for the drawing of leather used in automobile seats, caught fire seriously damaging the equipment. Representative the plaintiff suing the manufacturer of the equipment. Expert witness in a patent infringement suit, representing the defendant company being sued for infringing on the plaintiff's patent. Was able to demonstrate the invalidity of the patent claims and of the plaintiff's complaint. Case decided in favor of the defendant, and the patent was overturned. Expert witness in a potential patent infringement suit, representing the defendant company. Plaintiff company applied for a patent for a microwavable food product & charged the defendant company with potential patent infringement. I was able to demonstrate, through laboratory testing, the invalidity of the patent application claims. As a result, application was overturned and the plaintiff was unable to sue the defendant company. Expert witness in a microwave oven fire case, representing the plaintiff, an individual burned by a fire in the oven. The case is ongoing.

Expert may consult nationally and internationally, and is also local to the following cities: New York, New York - Yonkers, New York - Newark, New Jersey - Jersey City, New Jersey - Paterson, New Jersey - Elizabeth, New Jersey - Bridgeport, Connecticut - New Haven, Connecticut - Hartford, Connecticut - Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

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Year Degree Subject Institution
Year: 1959 Degree: M.S. Subject: Analytical and Physical Chemistry Institution: Purdue University
Year: 1955 Degree: B.S. Subject: Pharmacy Institution: Columbia University

Work History

Years Employer Title Department Responsibilities
Years: 1978 to 2018 Employer: Self Employed Title: President Department: R&D Responsibilities: Expert is a consultant specializing in microwave heating, R&D laboratory management, and corporate management.
Years: 1971 to 1978 Employer: (Undisclosed) Title: New Product and Process Consultant Department: R&D Responsibilities: New product and process consulting.
Years: 1959 to 1971 Employer: (Undisclosed) Title: Senior Scientist Department: R&D Responsibilities: He was in charge of all microwave projects plus long term research.
Years: 1962 to 1963 Employer: (Undisclosed) Title: Vice President Department: Chemistry Responsibilities: He ran the radioactive chemicals laboratory and was in charge of the film badge service.

International Experience

Years Country / Region Summary
Years: 2000 to 2000 Country / Region: The Netherlands Summary: Assisted a Dutch company in the successful development of a microwavable spring roll. The product is currently in the market.
Years: 1994 to 1994 Country / Region: Norway Summary: He developed a line of retail refrigerated microwavable savory-filled pastries which involved the development of a pastry dough that was crisp after microwaving.
Years: 1992 to 1992 Country / Region: Canada Summary: Developed a line of microwavable filled sandwiches, which won numerous new product awards in Canada.

Career Accomplishments

Associations / Societies
Expert is a member of the International Microwave Power Institute; the Institute of Food Technologists; an Honorary Member of the U.K. Microwave Technology Association; a founding member of AMPERE (European microwave society); former VP Microwave Working Group; Sigma Xi.
Licenses / Certifications
Certified Food Scientist (2013)
Professional Appointments
He was and is the CEO of the International Microwave Power Institute for 19 years and on its Board of Governors for over 25 years. He was an Associate Editor for the Journal of Microwave Power and for the Microwave Energy Applications Newsletter. He has been program or conference chairman for over 20 international microwave conferences present in the U.S., Europe, and Australia.
Awards / Recognition
Expert is a Fellow of the International Microwave Power Institute, an Honorary Member of the U.K. Microwave Association, and was a Scientific Lecturer for the Institute of Food Technologists for five years. Expert was given, by his peers, the first ever Metaxas Microwave Pioneer Award. Other awards: Putnam Award; Honorary Guest Professor: Kunming University of Science & Technology (China); IFT Certified Food Scientist
Publications and Patents Summary
He is the author of over 50 articles on many subjects relating to microwave science & technology. He has 28 U.S. patents, primarily in the fields of microwaves (26) and the storage of perishables (2). He recently co-authored the book "Microwave Chemical and Materials Processing" (Springer Nature)

Additional Experience

Expert Witness Experience
He has had numerous situations in which he was called upon to prepare reports, consult, and testify as an expert witness, to date amounting to 40cases. These cases have dealt with patent infringement, contract disputes, microwave oven injury related to microwavable products, packaging or cookware; microwave and RF processing systems - design, fires, etc.. He has worked for both plaintiffs and defendants. Expert reviewed patents and documents, performed laboratory work, and prepared testimony and testified at trial and/or depositions for many of these cases.
Training / Seminars
He is available to provide training/seminars in the areas of microwave ovens (fundamental microwave technology, food product development, packaging, product testing) and industrial microwave processing (industrial heating systems, economic analysis, and testing techniques). He lectures widely on microwave topics throughout the U.S., Europe, Canada, Australia, and the Orient.
Vendor Selection
He has experience locating vendors of microwave equipment, microwave packaging, food ingredients, microwave interactive materials, microwave literature, and food processors.

He has access to print materials and personal contacts to aid in vendor location.
Marketing Experience
Other Relevant Experience
As President of the leading scientific society relating to microwave and RF energy, the International Microwave Power Institute (IMPI), and due to his pioneering activities in the microwave field, he has extensive knowledge & contacts throughout the knee microwave equipment, processing, R&D packaging, product development laboratories, and more. Recently awarded the first ever 'Metaxis Microwave Pioneer Award", granted for his "Pioneering efforts in promoting the of microwave energy applications".

Language Skills

Language Proficiency
German Can speak and read German.

Fields of Expertise

microwave cooking, microwave baking, microwave drying, microwave industrial food processing, microwave oven temperature, industrial microwave processing, microwave radiation, microwave frequency, radio-frequency heating, recipe, food product, microwavable food product, microwavable product, microwave oven, microwave oven testing, microwave pasteurization, microwave sterilization, microwave heating technology, microwave heating, microwave heating device, microwave product testing, food packaging process, baked food product, controlled-atmosphere packaging process, food chemistry, food technology, food processing equipment, industrial food-baking oven, microwave oven development, industrial nonfood microwave processing, microwavable nonfood product, microwave food packaging process, microwave food package, microwave hazard, microwave safety, microwave utensil, microwave cookware, new consumer product development, pharmaceutical liquid, microwave popcorn, freezing equipment, industrial drier, packaging material selection, polymer microwave heating, food shelf life extension, industrial drying, microwave oven design, poultry, microwave hyperthermia, refrigerated food technology, shortening (fat), energy-efficient food processing, household product, moisture barrier material, shelf life, food engineering, food packaging plastic, enzymal food processing, sauce, spice, substitute food product, yogurt, thermometry, surimi, spaghetti sauce, soup, rice, radiation safety code, poultry product, pizza sauce, perishable food, oven, magnetron, infrared heat transfer, industrial oven, fruit product, frozen food, food storage, food processing, food preservation, food ingredient, dough, dairy product, dessert cake

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