Expert Details

Expert in Police and Jail Procedures and Practices; Use of Force in Patrol and in the Jail

Expert ID: 726584 California, USA

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With a lifetime of service in the public sector encompassing patrol, jail/custody, and investigatory procedures, Expert is now a police and jail procedures consultant for attorneys, public agencies, and the media. He has been accepted as an expert to testify in United States District Courts and the State of California Superior Courts and state courts throughout the country in:
• Use of force
• Use of the TASER
• Police practices
• Emergency Vehicle Operations
• Sexual assault investigations
• Use of private security guards
• Prison inmate culture: jail-made weapons; gang vs. non-gang attacks on staff

and has authored numerous Rule 26 reports for cases in federal court.

He served as a Lieutenant for various Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department stations as well as correctional facilities throughout Los Angeles County, and commanded many large-scale operations during major natural disasters such as wildfires and earthquakes. Other functions included Sergeant (supervising 200+ deputies per shift), Narcotics Investigator, Detective, Patrol Deputy, and Training Officer. He was consistently commended for his professionalisms outstanding performance, and dedicated service to the community.

He has provided training in the proper handling of various public interactions such as high-risk incidents, tactical command science in tense situations, use of force, proper patrol procedures, emergency skills preparedness and training, officer safety, incident report writing, California penal codes, police ethics, and supervision and leadership skills for newly promoted sergeants and lieutenants.

In his career Expert has conducted over 1,800 use of force investigations concerning sheriff deputies and has investigated more than 1,000 various complaints from other deputy personnel and private citizens—including inmates—concerning allegations of deputy misconduct. Expert commanded and investigated numerous high-speed pursuits. Expert was a participating member of the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department Pursuit Evaluation Committee. As a patrol watch commander, Expert commanded numerous high-risk barricaded suspect operations as well as deploying K9s after dangerous suspects.

As a command officer in various Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department divisions, Expert ensured that all staff followed proper protocol and procedures concerning high-risk incidents, officer-involved shootings, vehicle pursuits, etc. In a custody environment, Expert commanded responses to over 100 major inmate disturbances/riots within large correctional facilities (up to 4,000 inmates), dealing with barricaded inmates, forced cell removals, hostage situations, medical emergencies, fires, evacuations, earthquakes, and jail suicide prevention. As a lieutenant he lectured at the Sheriff’s academy on the POST-certified topic of Crimes Against Persons. As a sergeant, he attended the POST Career Integrity and Police Ethics facilitator trainer course on police ethics and held over twenty ethics workshops for deputy personnel. As a narcotics investigator, Expert testified over 100 times as a narcotics expert in over a dozen courts throughout Los Angeles County and Ventura County.

Expert frequently provides media entities with information and perspective concerning law enforcement policies and procedures. He has also assisted public agencies with opinion, recommendations, and assistance in regard to training manuals, and has written numerous emergency procedures, evacuation plans, response plans, and operations plans. Expert has lectured to the Los Angeles County Public Defender’s Office and to the Riverside Public Defender’s Office about police use of force issues.

Jail areas of expertise:
• Jail/prison suicide, jail medical care, inmate culture, jail-made weapons (shanks), jail suicide, jail medical care, jail food service, inmate safety checks, possession of narcotics for personal use vs. for sales, and inmate housing.
• Safe removal of many barricaded hostile and violent inmates in the jails.
• Use the Restraint Chair, Safety Cells, and Sobering Cells to ensure that policies and procedures are followed to keep inmates safe.
• Disabled prisoners/inmates and the Americans with Disabilities Act.
• Classifying and Managing Transgender & Transsexual Inmates and the Americans with Disabilities Act

Education

Year Degree Subject Institution
Year: 2004 Degree: Assoc of Science Subject: Admin of Justice Institution: College of the Canyons

Work History

Years Employer Title Department
Years: 2008 to Present Employer: Undisclosed Title: Consultant Department:
Responsibilities:
A consultant/expert witness to law firms and the media on law enforcement matters
Years Employer Title Department
Years: 1978 to 2008 Employer: Los Angeles County Sheriff's Dept Title: Lieutenant Department:
Responsibilities:
As a patrol and jail watch commander, Expert has successfully taught criminal law, narcotics, officer safety, patrol procedures and tactics, and as a certified law enforcement ethics instructor, taught numerous ethics classes to patrol personnel. Was a department designated mentor to young deputy sheriffs. Performed numerous skills training for emergencies; repetition of drills needed to accustom staff to any and all emergent situations. Has instructed deputies and sergeants from everything to the law to report writing to safety tactics. Trained newly promoted sergeants in leadership, supervision skills, and the tactical science of commanding high risk field incidents and jail disturbances/riots. Lectured to the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department’s Custody Incident Command School and to the American Jail Association in various other states on commanding responses to jail disturbances/riots and to cases of violent barricaded jail inmates. Successfully coached subordinates to pass promotional exams.

Expert has conducted over 1,800 uses of force investigations, over 1,000 personnel/citizen/inmate complaint investigations, and commanded over 17 high risk vehicle pursuits. He is an experienced on-scene senior officer commanding responses to over 100 major inmate disturbances/riots within a large, violent jail (4000+ inmates), as well as commanding high risk patrol incidents. Expert has detective and narcotics investigation experience. Has decades of experience supervising up to 200 deputies per shift. Has years of practice managing command post operations and in emergency preparedness such as in planning for earthquakes and terrorism events, etc.

Government Experience

Years Agency Role Description
Years: 1978 to 2008 Agency: Los Angeles County Sheriff's Dept Role: Lieutenant Description: For years Expert has successfully taught criminal law, narcotics, officer safety, patrol procedures and tactics, and as a certified law enforcement ethics instructor, taught numerous ethics classes to patrol personnel. Was a department designated mentor to young deputy sheriffs. Performed numerous skills training for emergencies; repetition of drills needed to accustom staff to any and all emergent situations. Has instructed deputies and sergeants from everything to the law to report writing to safety tactics. Trained newly promoted sergeants in leadership, supervision skills, and the tactical science of commanding high risk field incidents and jail disturbances/riots. Lectured to the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department’s Custody Incident Command School and to the American Jail Association in various other states on commanding responses to jail disturbances/riots and to cases of violent barricaded jail inmates. Successfully coached subordinates to pass promotional exams. Lieutenant Expert has conducted over 1,800 uses of force investigations, over 1,000 personnel/citizen/inmate complaint investigations, and commanded over 17 high risk vehicle pursuits. He is an experienced on-scene senior officer commanding responses to over 100 major inmate disturbances/riots within a large, violent jail (4000+ inmates), as well as commanding high risk patrol incidents. Expert has detective and narcotics investigation experience. Has decades of experience supervising up to 200 deputies per shift. Has years of practice managing command post operations and in emergency preparedness such as in planning for earthquakes and terrorism events, etc. Based on Lt. Expert's experience, training, and knowledge, he is well suited to consult and render opinions in police and jail matters.

Career Accomplishments

Associations / Societies
Professional Peace Officer's Association (PPOA)
Association of Los Angeles County Sheriff's Deputy Sheriffs (ALADS)
International Police Association (IPA)
National Tactical Officer’s Association
Americans for Effective Law Enforcement (AELE)
Institute for the Prevention of In Custody Deaths (IPICD)
California Narcotic Officers' Association (CNOA) (former member)
Licenses / Certifications
CALIFORNIA POST-COMMISSION CERTIFICATES
Peace Officer
Basic Certificate
Basic - Specialized Certificate Intermediate and Advanced Certificates Specialized Training Certificates

Sergeant
Supervisory Peace Officer Certificate

Lieutenant
Middle Management Certificate
Awards / Recognition
MAJOR AWARDS
• Outstanding Service to Community from the City of Santa Clarita for actions taken during a shootout with a sniper in a residential neighborhood
• Meritorious Service Award from Sheriff Sherman Block for actions taken in providing emergency preparedness procedures for the City of Santa Clarita
• Outstanding Service to Community from the City of Santa Clarita for actions taken during the Northridge earthquake
• Sheriff’s Commendation for actions taken during the North County Correctional Facility jail major inmate disturbance (riot) involving over 2000 inmates
• Sheriff’s Commendation and Fire Department Commendation for actions taken in overseeing command post operations during the massive Los Angeles wildfires.
• Recipient of more than 100 other formal or written commendations
Note: Selected from the more than 100 formal and/or written commendations in recognition of Expert's law enforcement and emergency/rescue service to the community.
Medical / Professional
Los Angeles County paramedic 2006

Medical training and experience
Basic Red Cross First Aid, Advanced Red Cross First Aid, Basic Red Cross First Aid Instructor, Certified Hospital Orderly
Publications and Patents Summary
Expert has written a published department wide safety bulletin for patrol personnel on surviving wildfires and other patrol-related emergency procedures and operations plans.
Media Interviews since start of company
Television news - local and national - in excess 7
Newspaper/Magazine - in excess of. 161
Radio - U.S., New Zealand, and Canadian radio. 7

Additional Experience

Expert Witness Experience
A complete list of all of Expert's cases as well as a complete list of all of his testimony is available.

With 30 years experience encompassing patrol, jail/custody, detectives, and narcotics investigations, Expert, is now a police and jail practices expert for attorneys and public agencies. Expert has consulted in criminal defense and prosecution cases and civil plaintiff and defense cases in Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Hawaii, Indiana, Louisiana, Minnesota, Mississippi, Maine, Missouri, Nevada, New York, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas,
Washington D.C., Washington State, Wisconsin, and Alberta, Canada. He has provided Rule 26 expert reports, as well as expert testimony in deposition and at trial in United States Federal District Courts and state courts. Subjects have included:

Use of force: Patrol; Custody (jail and prison); Less-lethal and lethal; Carotid Lateral Neck Restraint v. "Throttling"; Citizen v. citizen self-defense; Citizen's right to resist excessive force by the police; Shooting at moving vehicles; De-escalation techniques; Pepper spray decontamination protocol; Use of and post-use analysis of the TASER (ECD-ECW) and 0/C spray (pepper spray) in patrol and in custody

Police practices - patrol and custody: Handcuffing and handcuffing injuries; Arrest warrant operations; Reasonable Suspicion+ Probable Cause Detention and Arrest; Exigent v. non-exigent, warrantless police entry; Incidents involving the mentally ill

Jail and prison/custody: Inmate housing - Classification issues; Jail attempt and completed suicide; Forced cell removal; Major inmate disturbances (riots); Contraband; Use of the Restraint Chair, Sobering and Safety Cells; Emergency vehicle operations (Code 3 driving); Foot pursuits; Evidence collection in firearms cases; Evidence collection and chain of evidence in narcotic cases; Supervision of police pursuits; Incident and arrest report writing; Jail-made weapons - carrying, using, and manufacture Food service; Inmate safety checks; Inmate medical care - access, sick call, inmate refusals, policies; Jail medical and mental health policy/procedures at intake and housing; Solicited v. non-solicited inmate reading material; Gang v. non-Gang attacks on staff; Jail - Prison culture (Politics); Recalcitrant, Hostile, Mentally Ill Inmates

Narcotics: Possession for sales; Under the influence; Minimum use quantities; Sales; Recalcitrant, Hostile, Mentally Ill Inmates; Possession (street and jail/prison); LSD, cocaine, heroin, barbs, PCP, methamphetamine, marijuana; "Rectal stashes" and safe gathering of evidence
Use of private security guards: Deployment+ duties, including lethal and less lethal use of force
Training / Seminars
A complete list is available on his CV.

Over the course of his 30-year career, in order to control violent/assaultive subjects in the field and in the jails, besides using de-escalation skills, Expert has used and investigated the use of: a show of force, personal weapons, baton, sap, TARP and Hobble restraints, Mace, Pepper Spray, "Clear-Out" gas, TASER, flashlight (as a weapon of necessity), less-lethal munitions (Sting Balls, Stinger rounds, 40mm impact rounds), and deadly force.

Expert analyzed use of force in patrol and in the jails, including the use of the TASER, by his subordinates to determine if the force used was proper, reasonable, and within policy, performing many full "force reviews" of deputy personnel as well as investigating complaints from private citizens and inmates concerning allegations of deputy misconduct. As part of these investigations and reviews, Expert identified training needs and took appropriate action. Expert has trained his subordinates in the cognitive aspects of the use of force, including conducting training scenarios for subordinates wherein handguns, shotguns, and AR-15 rifles were brought into the jail for lethal force situations. Expert has conducted firearms inspections of his subordinates' duty weapons as instructed by a County Sheriffs Department Firearms Training Unit.

Over span of 30 years, has instructed and trained personnel in:
Use of force in patrol & use of force in the jails
Defining use of force
Unnecessary and excessive use of force
When and when not to use force
How to avoid using force
De-escalation techniques
How to reassess the need for further force
Intervening to stop fellow officers from using excessive force
How to verbally report the use of force
How to write a use of force report
Importance of actions prior to use of force
Proper handcuffing
Use of force - when/when notto use the TASER
Tactical command skill in tense situations
Proper patrol procedures
Emergency skills preparedness and training
Officer safety
Narcotics
Incident report writing
Handling of public interactions
California penal codes
Supervision and leadership skills

Other Relevant Experience
Ability to train law enforcement and jail personnel. Also, In 2007, Expert joined Envioservices, Inc. (Environmental, health and safety consulting company) as an emergency planning specialist. In addition to consulting on emergency planning concerns, he also conducts Department of Homeland Security Vulnerability Assessment and Site Security Plans. Expert has experience lecturing private business and community groups about earthquake preparedness. Lieutenant Expert is a current team member of the Disaster Response Cadre for Dewberry which is a nationally known disaster response and mitigation, and engineering company based out of Virginia.

Fields of Expertise

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