Expert in Process/Consultant/ Advisor & Supervisor, Process/Operations Commissioning in the Oil/Gas & Refining
Expert ID: 724493 United Kingdom
Through-out these periods, whilst at Souedie, as Consultant/Advisor he was responsible for the process plants and implementation of any changes. He discussed with management and the gas plant Director, any upgrades, plus process changes, through these agreements implemented the plant changes and modifications. He wrote up the procedures for the annul shut-down and the re-start procedures for and throughout the annual maintenance shut down, included in this criteria were revamping of the cooling water circulation system, which through mistreatment was seriously restricting circulation flows through process cooling units, complicating the maintenance scheduling, signing for, and was responsible for all of the plant processes up grades.
Whilst he was working for and with ShellMex&BP:
During earlier years he was the company’s Air Ministry Aviation Inspector, legalized by the government to except aviation product into the companies tank-age and release Aviation AVTUR to the military air field bases through-out the UK. K1 is always classified as AVTUR, commonly known as "aviation fuel". K2 is normally paraffin. K3 is normally heating oil. The paraffin range can be used, if required to flush through the amine process plant during shut-downs. K1 as the purest section of the kerosene range, makes it an obvious choice. As the government inspector he alone could set up the loading of products to trucks, he organized the discharge of the rail car on delivery, making him responsible for non contamination, analyzing the samples to ensure correct dosing.
He was instrumental in setting the percentage rates for these flows, gases from these processes, from the crude distillation columns and or associated pipeline systems. Sour and acidic gas can be routed to pass through the amine treating section. During normal operations that required process changes, he was responsible in implementing these changes, ensuring that they were within the required specifications that enhance process production. Benefiting the client.
He was instrumental in blowing/purging the condenser free of catalyst, removing a large quantity of catalyst from the sulphur condenser. The performance of the plant was not impaired. Production was maintained until the annual shut down during the next year. During that shut down the entire catalyst beds were cleared, new stainless meshing was fitted, of which he ensured that the base and sealing method ensured no cracks. He was then instrumental in the reloading of the catalyst to the beds. At the restart of the process systems he detailed and organized the temperature layering of the catalyst beds, known as sulfinating, if carried out incorrectly the beds can "fire" out of control, making them extremely difficult to quench out. This system is solely reliant on the "fire" ignition chamber, which re-fractionated to very specific applied details, combined with the building and construction of the internal "matrix" fire break wall. On completion of the catalyst layering, process production can being, extreme care must be taken when the produced sulfur begins to run down, that the condenser temperatures are sufficiently high enough, failure to maintain high enough temperature will result in condenser tubes plugging. He instigated a temperature profile that in 8 years of operation, no condenser tubes ever became plugged, production remained at maximum level through-out that time. Many of the plants and processes were up-graded through his instigation; he diagnosed the problems and implemented more efficient methods of process operations. Being totally responsible for the changes.
Crude distillation, is the normal method of all refineries in their initial process of refining. Crude oil is heated in the distiller, producing gases at certain levels, the top section is known as raffinate or refinery feed stock, at each section the gas stream is taken off, condensed to a liquid with the heavier section refluxed back the distiller, whilst the recovered condensed sections at the required SG go as run down to storage.
The final heavier sections known as fuel oils are sent to storage. Subject to the refinery units and equipment these will be treated through other processes usually passing the heavier base oil, through a high vacuum unit, before passing the product through a "cracking"unit, or utilized and blended off as fuel oil stock for power production plants fuel oils.
The initial crude oil can be sweet or sour, if it is sour the produced gas flows from the distiller will also be sour, these flows will flow with other gases through the amine treating contactor to remove the sour and acid content form the gas flow. This responsibility was jointly held with the refinery units supervision, upon request he implemented the changes that were required to operate the process effectively.
Many of the crude oil of the world are produced as sweet crude oil, but some are produced as sour or H2S crude oils, these, when the process of refining starts the gas flows are routed through a amine treatment section, or the liquids produced are washed through amine sweetening wash vessels to remove the sourness and H2S. Recently in eastern Siberia (Sakhalin Island ) a new gas well was commissioned on line, shortly after approximately three weeks the production from the well had reduced to less than one third of previous production, all were requested for idea's, it was a suggestion he made to check the choke, coupled with the knowledge that all of the floats on the treatment plant, were at the bottoms of their chambers, they were magatrolls, it was blocked with perforations, this choke valve was changed out on five occasions from the drilling, this was the second longest horizontal drilled well in the world. As this was a remote location, he was responsible for the initial start-up for both crude oil and the first flowed gas, he was also responsible for the training of both expatriates and local operations personnel, spending as much time with the process operators as was required.
Desulfurization, is a term used during refinery process production treatment, it is commonly termed as the method of reducing the sulfur content during the processing of refinery products. Usually the tolerance on the refined product allows for the sulfur content to be at a certain level, should the content be at a higher level it will be passed through the desulfurization unit, to reduce the sulfur content to an acceptable level. Normally this applies to the gas oil range of products, or any product that has a higher content than the tolerance. As this is applied to a product and stays as a liquid flow. It will not be reduced to a gas and treated in the amine treatment section. Any sulfur gas vapors removed can be pressured to the sulfur recovery plant, or sent to the incineration unit for burning, through-out this process he was totally responsible for the successful operation of the units.
He was able to source different steam traps that differed greatly form the inverted bucket traps. To a totally controllable trapping system, that even after 6 years of continued use. Were never opened or inspected, yet after each annual shut down, when the process plant was placed back in operation, the steam traps "immediately" were on line and working efficiently. As these liquids have already passed through the gas treatment and NGL recovery sections and are usually classed as finished products. Should they be required to be further refined. They are passed through further splitting columns, plus condensers to produce "other" hydrocarbon grades. There is little or no association with other processes. This process for distillations was completely re-organised, he implemented production elements changes and reset the process profile. Then he tuned the system to operate effectively and efficiently. Whist increasing production for the client, he organised other process changes that benefited the process and the client.
He, aided by the fire fighting crew and team, was process operations production manager for and throughout the period when a floating roof tank seal ignited during a fierce thunder storm, organizing the "refinery" fire control fighters managed to contain and control a refinery tank roof fire, the tank was completely full containing 500.000bbls of crude oil, its position on the refinery was close and adjacent to a local Bahamian village where over 4500 people lived, through their efforts the general life of the local villagers was not comprised, although the view of the tank roof fire was visible for over 2 miles, because of this incident and the attitude of the refinery management, a full and complete fire and safety operational plinth, designated for training and application was set up, complimented by total procedure and application on the full members of the refinery staff, training them in the complex hazards of refinery working.That allow anyone within the refinery to be efficiently trained. This was dramatically demonstrated 9 months later, when an over sized pump motor broke loose from its mountings, igniting oil, spilt from fractured pipework, which created a major pipeline/ pipe track refinery fire that covered 1/3 of the refinery area, because of and due to the intensive fire & safety training, this fire incident was efficiently resolved, without any loss of production or injury.
During a period of time in eastern Siberia, he was instrumental at Chayvo well site, on an EPF (early production facility) that was commissioned and put on line. No methanol injection system had been provided, as it was stated that there was not water is the gas or oil flows. This was refuted as the oil trains final vessel was the de-gassing vessel separated and produced the gas/oil and water. As hydrates will form at +15.4 degrees temperature. When the ambient air temperature is below -30 degrees, hydration or hydration will and does occur were there is any slight restriction, namely control valves and exchangers.
To resolve this problem he was requested by the client to implement a methanol injection system that he had advised the client to use. Through his advise and the knowledge he passed onto the commissioning company operators, the process plant was run efficiently providing the client with production through the EPF plant, after the methanol system was placed in operation. The hydrate problem was re-solved. As this is gas treatment it is not linked to the amine treatment section for process treatment.
Being responsible for the start-up of the processes he then vetted and sourced out the injection points for the methanol injection. This coupled with the extreme cold weather. His efforts were rewarded when the process plant became "free" to run. He adjusted controls, organized the injection points and implemented the adjustments.
On a location in the Middle East, he advised his client to change all exchangers and condensers previously made by the client's labor force.
Because all of the "homemade" exchangers and condensers had fractured. These were changed out for stainless steel tubing, which resolved the immediate corrosion problem.
He also advised the client to measure and change out the Bourne gas heater main tubes, as these constantly fractured. Through this one item, the gas processing plant was shut down 4 times a year to change out the damaged tubes. He advised the replacing of the previous tubes with stainless steel tubes. This item is directly linked and associated with the amine process treatment as they both deal heavily with sour and acid gases.
His efforts saved the client numerous hours of down time and his efforts and implementation reaped benefits that are still being felt to-day. He is solely responsible for these changes.
Jet Fuel Additive (Jet Fuel) commonly known as AVTUR. Is the fuel air plane jets use to burn in their engines. It is a refined grade of Kerosene called K1 (AVTUR) in the modern jet engine there is remarkably few additives that are used to better performances. Normally these are restricted to the previously added additives like A.I.A and A.S.A which are imputed due to the height air crafts can now reach; military aircraft reach even higher heights. A.I.A being anti icing additive A.S.A being anti static additive.
As a government military AVTUR inspector it was essential that these commodities were added correctly to enable military pilots to achieve the heights they were required to go to. On one particular occasion someone had omitted to check the dosing meter, he advised the management to contact the air drones that the AVTUR had been delivered too. These were contacted. Spare additives were dispatched and added on site.
Natural Gas Pipeline: Commonly these pipelines are used to transfer gas over long distances. Wells and field service pipelines usually are of lesser size and shorter distances. Previously used pipelines are of the size of 36" or 48" transferring gas and condensate over longer distances. This natural gas pipeline was used 24/7/365, year on year. These pipelines have little or nothing to link them to other processes as they are the end user. Delivering away from the process plant to other process plant locations at distance. Expert has unique experience in regards to maintenance, design and flow control of natural gas pipelines.
He has over numerous years, built a scale model and applying for patents. For a method that has been developed which carries out all of what the other system do, but in one vessel. He demonstrated to interested parties and they were extremely impressed by his results.
Recently a North Sea Company de-manned one of its platform, passing via umbilical pipeline system from the de-manned platform, to the manned production platform treating ( separating ) the crude oil products on the other platform, only they used three separators. The method that was demonstrated to the interested parties, used only one separator. Achieving 100% separation. Since that time, refinements to the system have been penciled in.
His efforts have resolved numerous oil separation problems. He has been responsible for the cleanliness and up keep of plants and installations.During the Iraq - Iran war, whilst working in Iraq, a bombed pipeline was being cleared of old oil.
Through a malfunction the separator system was covered completely with thick oil. Because of his understanding plus knowledge, it was totally cleared, back to the original pre-accident state within 8 hours. Avoiding the client and contracting company of a hazardous pollution problem. No oil was wasted. All oil treated was then recovered.
Expert has considerable knowledge of the internal/inside knowledge regarding sulfur combustion chambers and systems. Refurbishing combustion matrix fire guard walls,. Re-lining bourne gas fired heaters refacturated walls and linings. The sulphur combustion fire box is the reaction chamber fire ignition point. A matrix wall protects the waste heat boiler from the direct flames. Acid gas and vapour of H2S, are scorched and seered in this area, before the "burnt" acid gas is forced through the waste heat boiler tubes. Before the catalyst reaction beds, before sulphur recovery by condensing, the changed sulphur vapour gases. He was responsible for the production, the process and the operation of a plant. Being totally responsible for every action, while he was on site.
As the adviser in charge of these terminals he was responsible for all day to day running of the multi berth complex, answering to all needs and requests.
High Speed Marine Transport: This title is not normally associated within the oil and gas industry. Except as a means and mode of transport. It is widely used in remote location areas that have large expanses of water to travel over, such as the Nigerian Swamps. Other locations else-where on sites that have extremely shallow water. These craft are a bonus. He was during his earlier years before entering the oil and gas industry. A member of Royal Air Force, serving his time as a crew member on the Air Sea Rescue High Speed Marine craft. His position within the high speed craft was as the radio operator. He is to this day still accepted as a marine radio operator. A large part of his training was front line emergency first aid. Coupled with rescue from water. He partook during his time in the military in the training of civilian and military pilots, in the North Sea. As the radio operator it was his responsibility to maintain contact at all times with land based control stations.
Through-out numerous years in the oil/gas and refining industry, at numerous plants/sites and locations, he has worked with systems and much equipment that is utilised for the compression of gases and gas products, specifically from very low pressure flows, to extremely high pressure flows, using both systems for and on treatment, processing through production compression energy, he advised and assisted in the instigation of process plants up-grades that increased production to the benefit of companies and clients, using diversifying techniques, creating the enhancement through-out the process production, increasing and enhancing year on year yields. He was also involved with and for the high pressure multi-stage pumping system implemented as the gas and oil lift, on the water injection oil/gas recovery systems, at or on numerous locations.
He was during his time in China on the Ethylene/Propane project for the Taiwanese client over all consultants that perfected a method of chilling down, steel lined concrete tanks, in 26 days, to -29 degrees (minus).He was whilst working on the Jubail oil refinery, instrumental in bringing about changes to the salary sheet, calculation for times methods, and the leave scheduling, that benefitted both the client and the personnel, he also re-pre-commissioning the entire refinery, when it was found that numerous system and plants had been neglected during the initial pre-commissioning start. Through his actions he assisted the client to efficiently start up the Jubail oil refinery. Through-out his time in Syria, he assisted the client to bring production from 45% throughput up to 105% through, ultimately receiving authorization from both the Syrian oil ministry and the Syrian Prime Minister, to effect any changes required in order to benefit the Syrian oil industry, he was instrumental and implemented annually total plant shut downs and start-ups, for the maintenance period, reducing these times for the previous normal of 50 days, down to 15 days annually, through his efforts the client benefitted each year with increased production, less down time, whilst making a saving of 23mm $ per annum. During his off-shore period in the North Sea, he advised the client on certain inconsistencies with the process operations methods, the client took his comments to their technical boffins, who agreed with his assessments, consequently the client shut down the production platform to effect the changes. Whilst on secondment to Shell in Thailand, he assisted the client in resolving several process problems that were reducing the profits for the company, he design and implemented a new system for fiscalisation that resolved the monthly losses, at the same time he devised a method of redistribution and removal of highly waxy deposits from the clients gathering tanks.
Whilst on location in Libya he assisted the client in the bringing into production, a gas treatment process plant that had been left to decay.
|Year: 1999||Degree: Msc ChemEng||Subject: Oil & Gas Chemical||Institution: Delaware University (USA)|
|Year: 1996||Degree: Bsc.Chem Eng||Subject: Oil & Gas/Refining||Institution: Delaware University (USA)|
|Years: 2011 to Present||Employer: Undisclosed||Title: Consultant for pre-commissioning/commissioning/start-up||Department: Spillage and Spilt oil recovery systems||Responsibilities: Devise and design equipment and methods that can be utilised for the containment of waste and spillages of oil products, he is responsible through discussions with "other" recovery companies, in the redesigning of equipment and systems that can be used and utilised through-out the oil industry, these equipments give vital time for the recovery of large areas of oil spillages, from what ever site or location.
He is responsible for the re-design and instigation of a guarantee of 100% of any and/or spilt and waste oil being recovered when implemented, giving a result that normally is sort, this can also be seen when any recovered waste/spilt oil is utilized in "separation", dealing with this segment relies on very specific detailing and understanding, ( unspoken details apply in these usages ), but these usages and details will produce and reap any client/company more than 3000% profitability, when applied.
|Years: 2006 to 2006||Employer: Apache North Sea Aberdeen||Title: Consultant/Advisor process commissioning operations||Department: Commissioning and decommissioning of two off-shore platforms.||Responsibilities: Inherited previously stalled De-commissioning of the Forties Bravo platform, ( formerly BP's ) for the commissioning of all production process treatment on the Forties Charlie platform, He advised and instigated the overall system connections and set-up, He advised and assisted in the total overall performance testing for initiation, through to both platforms functioning as per design modes and methods, totally controlled by Delta V controlling system.|
|Years: 2003 to 2006||Employer: Foote waste and water management Ltd||Title: Director/Manager/Inventor||Department: Invention and Development||Responsibilities: Was involved with items relating to the Oil & gas/refining industry, designed/applied for patents for several inventions/idea's that are related to the auto motor trade, the oil & gas industry and the waste and water management, for the containment/gathering and recovery of the spilt oil, designing through to manufacturers of relating products and items.|
|Years: 1994 to 2002||Employer: Syrian Petroleum Co Damascus Syria||Title: Consultant/Advisor Processing and Operations||Department: Oil & Gas from source to total processing||Responsibilities: He advised as a consultant on all and every aspect of the total gas processing from 5 mani GOSP's areas, included in that list were the following sections, sour gas compression, LP/HP, acid gas absorption H2S/Co2 removal, DEA regeneration, sour gas recovery, for sulfur recovery, 3 bed claus sulphur unit, deeuthanizing, ( propane recovery for refrigeration propane ) LPG splitting, ( butane production ), C5 recovery, Solvent splitter, gasoline splitter and production, Boilers, air compressors, waste heat boiler, De-ionising water treatment unit, plus all other equipment associated with the total process treatment systems. (the overall list is not limited to the fore-mentioned list ).|
|Years: 1994 to 1994||Employer: Shell Paulo Bukum refinery Singapore||Title: Commissioning Coordinator||Department: Construction/commissioning operations||Responsibilities: He was instrumental in the completion of construction, on the 1st ever built Superclaus sulphur recovery process plant, orchestrating all disciplines to the successful completion of the process plant on line, he assisted the client on matters process and plant up-grades and changes, that benefited the over all process production recovery, efficiency for the client, whilst further process up-grades carried out.|
|Years: 1993 to 1994||Employer: IBN ZAHR Saudi Arabia||Title: Consultant/Commissioning Author||Department: Certification/process operations||Responsibilities: He was involved with and implemented the obtaining of certification of ISO 9002, for the process plants and units for the production of MTBE, pre-commissioning/commissioning and reviewed process operating systems, before re-commissioning the process plant units and systems that were previously not commissioned to specifications.|
|Years: 1992 to 1993||Employer: Vost Alpine Linzs Austria||Title: Commissioning/Coordinator||Department: Process operations||Responsibilities: As a stand alone commissioning/coordinator, utilized numerous resources, in order to bring to operational completion, a previously built (six years previous), gas process treatment plant. He was required by the client to redesign/revamp, modify/up-grade the process plant units and systems, his requirement was to make safe the process plant, re-design numerous section, implement installations of missing equipment, bringing the process plant to a successful operational plant.|
|Years: 1991 to 1992||Employer: Syrian Petroleum Co Damascus Syria||Title: Consultant/Advisor||Department: Process operations||Responsibilities: As previous Syria petroleum write-up, He was involved in the initial process plant up-grading.|
|Years: 1985 to 1985||Agency: Saudi Arabia||Role: Consultant||Description: He was involved in changing the Saudi labor laws on work period times|
|Years: 1994 to 1994||Agency: Syrian||Role: Consultant||Description: He was involved in the changing of the Syrian hiring laws for expatriates|
|Years||Country / Region||Summary|
|Years: 2007 to 2007||Country / Region: China ( far east )||Summary: He was consultant for the Ningbo Ethylene/Propylene project|
|Years: 2006 to 2007||Country / Region: British north sea||Summary: He was the Consultant for the demanning of one platform and the treatment on other for both flows of production.|
|Years: 2005 to 2006||Country / Region: Sakhalin Island Russia||Summary: As the commissioning operations consultant, he was responsible for the first oil and gas start up form the Chayvo well site EPF, initiating the first ever gas and oil form the Sakhalin oil fields, Russia.|
|Years: 1994 to 2002||Country / Region: Syria||Summary: He was the consultant for the Syrian oil company at their sour acid gas process treatment plant at Souedie associated gas plant Kamishli|
|Years: 1994 to 1994||Country / Region: Singapore Malaysia||Summary: He was the commissioning co-dominator for the construct and commissioning of the 1st ever built super Claus recovery plant|
|Associations / Societies|
|He was, in earlier years, a member of Her Majesty's armed forces Royal Air Force as Marine Radio Operator, initially during training he was awarded the certificate for the "best" all round recruit, out of a flight of 114 personnel.|
|Licenses / Certifications|
|As above he was the receiver of the "certificate" for best all round recruit during initial basic training.|
|During military service, was the senior recruit through-out this period,
After the initial first year in the oil industry, was elected by Shell as the depot supervisor at Torksey Liconlshire.
|Awards / Recognition|
|As a member of the military, he was involved in the Suez crisis, 1956, was medaled for this along with being medaled for active service on Cyprus during this period, he has also been medaled for active service during air sea operations, whilst in the military, he has also taken part in the oil and gas industry in Iraq, during the 1980--1988 Iraq--Iran conflict, ( no medals for this ).|
|Publications and Patents Summary|
|He has three publications in the Hydrocarbon Processing Magazine,
He has submitted 7 patents in for items relating to the oil and gas industry, waste & water collection/gathering and recovery, 2 for the auto motor industry and two for the forest fire fighting control methods.
|Expert Witness Experience|
|He was involved, whilst in Syria with the Syrian Oil Ministry, for the changing of the Syrian Laws with regards to hiring of relevant personnel, changing the law to allow British operation staff to be employed as Americans, receiving American rates of pay. He was instrumental whilst in Saudi Arabia in the implementation of shift pattern changes and up-grades, utilizing the Saudi scheduling to compliment the multi-national work force, through the Saudi Arabian government employment ministry. He instigated and implemented the Saudi Arabian changes to the acceptation of the rotational leave rotational schedules. He also was instrumental in the Saudi Arabian government’s acceptance for changes to their expatriates medical practices and location of treatment, relating to family members.|
|Training / Seminars|
|Whilst he was on consultancy in Syria he gave numerous seminars and courses to local operation personnel, along with international personnel, when visiting the process plant site.
Whilst in pursuant of the goals in Saudi Arabia, he became heavily involves in seminaring every refinery section, holding courses, for the understanding of the new revised methods in shift patterns and monthly time sheet payment methods.
|Whilst consulting/advising in Syria, he became very heavily involved in the sourcing of suppliers, for equipment relating to the oil and gas industry, augmented by the provision of vendors, for either refurbishment or replacement of plant and equipment required for the up-grade of process plant operations.|
|In numerous locations and on numerous plants, he has involved himself in the growth of process plant capabilities, that have always resulted in production increases, which has been highlighted by the increase in industrial trends, that have demanded more efficient methods of production, nurturing local and expatriate personnel, to benefit the customer requirements, by implementing new technologies and adjust the minds and attitudes of all personnel involves in the total process concept, whilst he involved his-self in the modes and methods of cost cutting, driving down the overall expensive cuts, whilst still maintaining extremely high operational standards.|
|Other Relevant Experience|
|He has by observation, negotiation and implementation, had the ability to provide the client with required operational corrections, that have through his implementation, always provided the clients and companies with process and production changes, bringing about production up-grades and production increases, that have benefited the clients financially, whilst improving operations through-out the plant, without resulting in process plant down time.|
|french||He is sligh, but if slow he can understand|
|arabic||He can understand basic arabic|
|Thailand||This langauge was being learnt, but that was a time ago|
|Spanish/Italian/French||During his military carrer, he learnt the morse code in all of these languages, but again that was a long time ago.|
Fields of Expertise
amine treating, amine gas treating, aviation fuel, batch petroleum refining, crude distillation, crude oil, distillation column, gas hydrate control, gas processing plant corrosion, jet fuel additive, natural gas pipeline, oil separation, sulfur combustion, offshore marine terminal, high-speed marine transportation, gas equipment, Claus process, enhanced oil recovery, fire, gas scrubber, aircraft icing, natural gas transportation, aviation fuel contamination, Western United States natural gas pipeline, API-500, artificial lift, equipment specific maintenance, offshore engineering, electrical area classification, floating offshore structure, gravity-based structure, dynamic positioning, multiphase flow pipeline, oil refinery equipment, heavy oil, cosurfactant, rotary oil drilling rig, offshore oil drilling rig, automotive combustion, oil selection, refinery process chemical, high-speed motor, coal dust, American Petroleum Institute, fuel distribution, cloud physics, carbon brush, oil formation injection pressure, air-cleaning system, hazardous area motor, ferrous sulfate, horizontal drilling technology, gasoline additive, boiler emission, propane combustion, deasphalting, sulfur analyzer, hydrogen sulfide abatement, hydroforming, formation fracturing, oil exploration, oil drilling rig, engine component, oil detection, molten sulfur, sulfur corrosion, chemical energy, Frasch process, thermal reforming, combustion system, steam engine, oil additive, coking, combustion control system instrumentation, fuel treatment system, low-rank coal beneficiation, engine design, combustion problem, heat engine, catalyst reactivity, crude-oil batch pumping, gas stream, compression-ignition engine, energy-efficient engine, oxygenated gasoline blend, air pollution control, building (object), alkylation, energy-efficient petroleum refining, petroleum-processing sulfur recovery, hydroprocessing, offshore gas equipment code, offshore oil equipment standard, internal combustion, marine engine, coal burner, petroleum hydrotreating, drilling, American Society of Mechanical Engineers standard, sulfur dioxide, aerosol, chemical fuel, hydrocarbon fuel, sulfuric acid, spark-ignition engine, Occupational Safety and Health Administration regulation, oil field water, offshore structure, natural gas, four-stroke cycle engine, fluid catalytic cracking unit, flowmeter, combustion engine, combustion chemistry, coal (fuel), catalytic reforming, air pollutant